Flashcards in Orthopedic exam Deck (17):
What are the goals of treating a lame dog?
Administer palliative medication that will mask the CS
Search for origin of problem before we address it
WHat are common causes of forelimb lameness?
What are the common causes of hindlimb lameness?
What are common causes of lameness in young vs. old dogs?
Young: physeal fractures, OCD
Older: osteoarthritis, neoplasia
What are some common causes of lameness in small breeds vs. large breeds?
Small: legg calve perthes dz
Large: hip dysplasia
What are common causes of lameness in male dogs?
What are some characteristics that are observed from a distant observation?
Decreased weight bearing while standing
Asymmetrical joint or swelling
What are some gait abnormalities observed with a lame dog?
Toeing in or out
What does CREPI stand for?
Crepitus, range of motion, effusion or swelling, pain and instability
In what direction should the forelimb be examined?
Distal to proximal
What are three specific joint tests for the hindlimb?
WHat is the ortolani sign?
Positive if hip is dislocated by a characteristic clunk that is felt as the femoral head slides over posterior rim of acetabulum and is reduced
What is the anterior drawer test?
Tests for anterior cruciate ligament integrity
What is the tibial compression?
Test for meniscal injury
What are the diagnostic tests for ortho problems?
Which test is used for dx of obscure lameness of unknown origin?