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Flashcards in Orthopedic exam Deck (17):
1

What are the goals of treating a lame dog?

Administer palliative medication that will mask the CS
Search for origin of problem before we address it

2

WHat are common causes of forelimb lameness?

Elbow dysplasia
OCD
Fractures

3

What are the common causes of hindlimb lameness?

Hip dysplasia
Pelvic fractures
ACL rupture
Patellar luxation
Fractures

4

What are common causes of lameness in young vs. old dogs?

Young: physeal fractures, OCD
Older: osteoarthritis, neoplasia

5

What are some common causes of lameness in small breeds vs. large breeds?

Small: legg calve perthes dz
Large: hip dysplasia

6

What are common causes of lameness in male dogs?

Panosteitis
Trauma

7

What are some characteristics that are observed from a distant observation?

Body conformation
Decreased weight bearing while standing
Asymmetrical joint or swelling
Muscle atrophy
Joint alignment

8

What are some gait abnormalities observed with a lame dog?

Shortened stride
Dragging toenails
Toeing in or out
Limb circumduction
Hypermetria
Stumbling/weakness
Head bobbing

9

What does CREPI stand for?

Crepitus, range of motion, effusion or swelling, pain and instability

10

In what direction should the forelimb be examined?

Distal to proximal

11

What are three specific joint tests for the hindlimb?

Ortolani sign
Anterior drawer
Tibial compression

12

WHat is the ortolani sign?

Positive if hip is dislocated by a characteristic clunk that is felt as the femoral head slides over posterior rim of acetabulum and is reduced

13

What is the anterior drawer test?

Tests for anterior cruciate ligament integrity

14

What is the tibial compression?

Test for meniscal injury

15

What are the diagnostic tests for ortho problems?

Rads
CT
MRI
Bone scintigraphy
US
Arhtroscopy

16

Which test is used for dx of obscure lameness of unknown origin?

Bone scintigraphy

17

What test can be diagnostic and therapeutic?

Arthroscopy- joint evaluation
Cruciate dz and OCD