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Psychosocial Dysfunction FINAL > CBT > Flashcards

Flashcards in CBT Deck (39)
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1

What is CBT?

an action-oriented form of psychosocial therapy that assumes that maladaptive, or faulty thinking patterns cause maladaptive behavior (behavior that is counterproductive or interferes and "negative" emotions

2

self-knowledge is

insight or the awareness of your personal strengths and limitations

3

online awareness is

metacognition- the ability to accurately judge task demands; to appropriately anticipate problems and to change and adapt performance based on feedback

4

Metacognition techniques include:

1. self instruction
2. self-estimation
3. role reversal
4. self-questioning
5. self-evaluation

5

Goals should be

OBSERVABLE and MEASURABLE ex: self-esteem, mood

6

Classical conditioning

automatic association ex: chocolate-->mouth waters --> pleasant taste

7

Operant conditioning

behavior reinforced will be repeated, behavior that is ignored becomes extinct

8

Shaping

Therapist provides reinforcement of each step of a task until steps are learned

9

Chaining

steps rehearsed in a specific order until task is learned (habit is formed)

10

Positive Reinforcement

a pleasant stimulus to reward behavior. Associate pleasant outcome with desired outcome

11

Negative Reinforcement

Removing an unpleasant stimulus from the environment or removing self from environment where unpleasant stimulus exists

12

Positive punishment

introducing an unpleasant stimulus: shock, spanking, speeding ticket

13

Negative punishment

removing pleasant stimulus from the environment: taking away or privilege

14

Vicarious

learned images of success or failure, values, ideals

15

Self-Produced

Having a sense of competency, efficacy, and self-control (feeling proud without buts) **this is the highest form

16

automatic thoughts

everything we think

17

cognitive distortion

when automatic thoughts are based on erroneous core beliefs and lead to irrational behavior

18

mental filtering

dwelling on a single negative detail and ignoring the positive things that may occur

19

disqualifying the positive

rejecting the positive experiences--"they don't count. Maintain a negative view despite the contradictory evidence

20

catastrophizing

believing the worst scenario will happen

21

magnifying or minimizing

exaggerating the importance of certain things and minimizing other things such as your own desirable qualities or others imprefections

22

overgeneralization

use of absolute words such as "all", "always" or "never"

23

Self-labeling

similar to overgeneralization but more specific to the person

24

mind reading

assuming we know what people are thinking about us

25

fortune telling

assume you can predict the future

26

emotional reasoning

assuming that the way you feel are the way things really are

27

shoulding

criticizing yourself by concentrating on all the things that you should be doing instead of what you are doing in the present

28

personalization

taking blame for outcomes beyond your control- belief that you should be perfect and disregard for facts

29

all or none

if something is less than perfect, it is viewed as a total failure

30

ABC's of thoughts

A=activating or triggering situation
B=Beliefs
C= Consequence