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Psychosocial Dysfunction FINAL > Sensorimotor FOR > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sensorimotor FOR Deck (27)
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1

Trombly emphasizes

mastery of foundational skills to increase function and self-efficacy

2

Task-Oriented Approach emphasizes

use of functional task to organize motor behavior

3

Motor Learning Theory emphasizes

understanding, doing and evaluation, and practicing until perfect

4

Carr and Shepherd emphasize

oral, visual, manual feedback

5

Other theorists involved with the Sensorimotor FOR include:

Rood, Bobath, Brunnstrum, and Ayers

6

Previously Sensorimotor agreed on:

the importance of SENSATION and the importance of PRACTICE and FEEDBACK to motor and behavioral learning

7

Currently Sensorimotorists agree that

movement and sensation improves production of neurochemicals that affect behavior

8

How many settings should practice take place in?

A VARIETY!

9

Practice:

a. promotes encoding
b. provides immediate intrinsic feedback to client
*NOTE- therapist should provide extrinsic feedback while this is taking place

10

Early in rehabilitation:

provide frequent feedback on specific steps in a task

11

Through progression of sessions:

provide intermittent feedback with completion of task

12

Which clients is this FOR good for?

a. PSTD
b. Schizophrenia (Autism)
c. Mood and Anxiety disorders
d. Elderly and Alzheimer's
e. Developmentally challenged
f. Chronic disability impairing function
g. TBI

13

Change is produced through __________.

physical activity.
-evidence of improved muscle tone, muscle strength, and ROM
-increased production of neurochemicas --> report of mood change

14

Motivation is demonstrated when ___________.

the client spontaneously accepts the challenge to become active in life. Enhanced by experiences of success or pleasure. May be negatively affected by unrealistic expectations, loss of understanding of performance ability.

15

What is the role of the therapist in in this FOR?

Directive! Communication is through imitation and role modeling. Therapist attempts to plan through "just right" challenge. Guides individual/group while taking cues from them.

16

When initially implementing the sensorimotor FOR the therapist should:

a. assess/observe sensory patterns
b. decide if sensory pattern requires integration or modification
c. help client understand their reaction

17

After initial implementation and observation, the client should treat by doing he following:

a. teach client to modify enviornment to fit sensory preferences
b. Design interventions to identify coping strategies to overcome uncomfortable environments
c. integrate sensory deficits that require integration

18

Examples of alerting stimuli include:

bright light, colors, sounds, rapid rhythms, uneven sounds; pungent odors, cold/hot foods and liquids, crunchy, strong flavors; light touch, sudden touch, rapid movement, rotation or changing directions, jumping/hitting/clapping

19

Calming stimuli include:

low light, pastel colors, smiliar hues, soft melodic sounds, slow even rhythms, closing your eyes; sweet or herbal smells, smooth textures, mild flavor, temperature foods; steady moderate pressure, slow rhyhmic movement, holding on, hugging

20

What is bioenergetics best for?

Best for depression (not those that are violent), as well as PTSD. Breathing and movement like yoga.

21

Who helped to discover that autism is closely related to schizophrenia?

Lorna Jean King

22

LJ Kings use of sensory integration in groups must:

1. emphasize the motor process of the activity not the object or the outcome of the activity
2. the activity must be pleasurable, evoke SPONTANEOUS smiles, laughter, and feelings of fun

23

Who expanded LJ Kings sensory integration?

ROSS. He added 5 group sessions including the following:
1. acknowledgement of each member (5min)
2. maximum exertion (15 min)
3. perceptual-motor activity, less vigorous motor activity and more judgement, more than 30 minutes to complete
4. Cognitive stimulation- discussion of previous activity, can include memory games, etc. (10min)
5. resolution and termination- next meeting, summary of events

24

Who has a wider approach to sensory processing than Ayers?

DUNN.

25

In Dunn's Sensory processing, what is centrifugal control?

the ability of the brain to regulate its own input. This is done in 3 ways.
1. Suppression: tuning out some stimuli so that others become easier to attend to
2. Divergence: sending a signal to multiple parts of the brain
3. Convergence- bringing together input from multiple sensory systems

26

Dunn's sensory processing patterns include:

1. Low Registration ( individuals who miss or tend to take longer to respond to stimuli)
2. Sensation Seeking ( individuals who seek high intensity environments and experiences)
3. Sensory Sensitivity (individuals who respond readily to any stimuli and may experience distractibility or discomfort with stimuli)
4. Sensory Avoiding (individuals who are overwhelmed or bothered by stimuli others would find noxious)

27

Generally, what is the profile of juvenile offenders?

High sensation avoiding and low sensation seeking