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Flashcards in CBT Deck (30)
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1

Behavioral therapy

Developed by B. F. Skinner and Joseph Wolpe
Other contributors: Ivan Pavlov, Gerald Patterson, Albert Ellis, Aaron Beck, Donald Baucom, Norman Epstein, Frank Dattilio

2

Joseph Wolpe

Introduced "systematic desensitization" for phobias in 1948.

3

Operant Conditioning

Introduced by B. F. Skinner. Behavior is regulated by its consequences. Responses that are "positively reinforced" will increase. Responses that are punished or ignored will be "extinguished".

4

Shaping

Skills taught in sequence

5

Cognitive-behavioral therapy

Inspired by Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck. Cognitions, emotions, and behaviors are seen as exerting mutual influence on one another, so that cognitive inference can evoke emotional and behavioral change. Uncovering hidden assumptions that keep people stuck.

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Theory of social exchange

People strive to maximize reward and minimize punishments in relationships.

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Schemas

Core beliefs (generally unconscious) that shape our interpretations of the world.

8

Arbitrary inference

Distorted conclusions shaped by our schemas. Can lead to automatic negative thoughts.

9

Functional analysis of behavior

In operant behavior therapy, a study of a particular behavior, what elicits it, and what reinforces it

10

A-B-C theory

(a) family members blame their problems on certain events in the family (b) and are taught to look for irrational beliefs, (c) which are then challenged

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behaviorism

behavior is maintained by its consequences

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schemas

core beliefs

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normal family functioning

giving and getting are balances; under positive reinforcement control, members describe their own feelings and request changes in behavior

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Arbitrary inference

conclusions are drawn in the absence of supporting evidence

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selective abstraction

certain details are highlighted while other important information is ignored

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overgeneralization

isolated incidents are taken as genera patterns

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magnification and minimization

the significance of events is unrealistically magnified or diminished

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personalization

events are arbitrarily interpreted in reference to oneself

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dichotomous thinking

experiences are interpreted as all good or all bad

20

labeling and mislabeling

behavior is attributed to undesirable personality traits

21

mind reading

this is the magical gift of knowing what other people are thinking without the aid of verbal communication

22

the general intent of CBT

to extinguish undesired behavior and reinforce positive alternatives

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token economy

use points to reward children for good behavior

24

contingency contracting

involves agreements by parents to make certain changes following changes made by children

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contingency management

consists of giving and taking away rewards based on children's behavior

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time-out

a punishment where children are made to sit in the corner or sent to their rooms

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Assessment model for Behavior Parent Training

SORKC model: Stimulus, state of the organism, target response, and contingency of consequences

28

Behavioral Couples Therapy strategies (5)

1. Couples are taught to express themselves in clear, behavioral descriptions, rather than in vague complaints
2. Couples are taught new behavior exchange procedures, emphasizing positive control in place of adverse control
3. Couples are helped to improve their communication
4. Couples are encouraged to establish clear and effective means of sharing power and making decisions
5. Couples are taught strategies for solving future problems as a means to maintain and extend gains initiated in therapy

29

goals of a cognitive-behavioral assessment

1. identify strengths and problems in individuals, couples, or families, and the environment
2. place individual and family functioning in the context of developmental stages
3. identify cognitive, emotional, and behavioral aspects of family interaction that might be targeted for intervention

30

role of the therapist

coach/teacher