CCDM18, Control Of Communicable Diseases In Man, Topic Anthrax, Choleara, Mumps, Scabies, Schistosomiasis, Smallpox Flashcards Preview

Advancement 2016 March > CCDM18, Control Of Communicable Diseases In Man, Topic Anthrax, Choleara, Mumps, Scabies, Schistosomiasis, Smallpox > Flashcards

Flashcards in CCDM18, Control Of Communicable Diseases In Man, Topic Anthrax, Choleara, Mumps, Scabies, Schistosomiasis, Smallpox Deck (54)
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1

What nicknames exsist for anthrax?

Woolsorters Disease & Ragpicker Disease

2

What acute bacterial disease usually affect the skin, but may rarely involve the oropharynx, mediastinum or intestinal tract?

Anthax

3

What are the symptoms for cutaneous anthrax?

Itching of exposed skin first, followed by lesions that become papular, then vesicular and in 2-6 days developes into depressed black eschar.

4

True or false? Pain is usual when concerning anthrax, and is not due to oedema or secondary infection

False. Pain is unusual and if present, is due to secondary infection.

5

What are the most common sites for anthrax infections?

Hands, forearms, and head

6

Anthrax has been confused with what disease?

Human Orf

7

Untreated anthrax can cause the fatality rate of ____ and ____% ?

5 and 20

8

Initial symptoms of inhalation anthrax are mild and nonspecific and may include?

Fever, malasia and miod cough or chest pain.

9

Acute symptoms of inhalation anthrax include?

Respiratory distress, X-ray evidence of mediastinal widening.

10

Fever and shock follow inhalation anthrax in ___ to ___ days, with death shortly thereafter.

3 to 5 days

11

Which type of anthrax is more rare, cutaneous, inhalation, or intestinal?

Intestinal

12

Anthrax cultures leave what color stain?

Polychrome methylene (M'Fadyean)blue

13

What is the causative agent for anthrax?

Bacillus anthracis

14

What are the characteristics of of bacillus anthracis?

Gram-postive, encapsulated, spore forming, nonmotile rod

15

True or false? The anthrax spores of B. anthracis are the infectious agent.

true

16

True or false? Anthrax is primarily a disease of herbivores

true

17

Articles of soil contaminated with anthrax may stay contaminated for how long?

Several years

18

Antibiotherapy sterilizes an anthrax skin lesion in how many hours?

24

19

What does the US military reccomend for the treatment of inhalation anthrax?

parenteral ciprofloxacin or doxycycline (duration of treatment is not defined)

20

What is the treatment for cutaneous anthrax?

Penicillin for 5-7 days.\nTetracyclines, erythromycin and chloramphenicol are also effective

21

what is the incubation period for anthrax?

1 to 7 days, although incubation periods up to 60 days are possible. in the russian outbreak incubation periods lasted 43 days.

22

Where are genital infections of chlamydial manifested in both sexes?

males primarily as a urethritis, and in females as a cervical
infection.

23

Asymptomatic
infection may be found in how many men?

1-25% of men

24

In the female, the clinical manifestations of chlamydial infections may be similar to what other disease?

Gonorrhoea

25

Up to what percentage of women are asymptomatic with chlamydial infections?

70%

26

Incubation period for chlamydial infections?

7-14 days

27

Screening of sexually active adolescent girls should be done how often?

annually

28

Treatment for Chlamydial infections?

Doxycycline 100 mg twice daily for 7 days

29

In males, gonococcal infection
presents as an acute purulent discharge from the anterior urethra with
dysuria within how many days?

2-7 days after exposure.

30

In females and homosexual males what types of gonococcal infection are common?

pharyngeal and anorectal infections are common

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