CCDM18, Control Of Communicable Diseases In Man, Topic Anthrax, Choleara, Mumps, Scabies, Schistosomiasis, Smallpox Flashcards Preview

Advancement 2016 March > CCDM18, Control Of Communicable Diseases In Man, Topic Anthrax, Choleara, Mumps, Scabies, Schistosomiasis, Smallpox > Flashcards

Flashcards in CCDM18, Control Of Communicable Diseases In Man, Topic Anthrax, Choleara, Mumps, Scabies, Schistosomiasis, Smallpox Deck (54):
1

What nicknames exsist for anthrax?

Woolsorters Disease & Ragpicker Disease

2

What acute bacterial disease usually affect the skin, but may rarely involve the oropharynx, mediastinum or intestinal tract?

Anthax

3

What are the symptoms for cutaneous anthrax?

Itching of exposed skin first, followed by lesions that become papular, then vesicular and in 2-6 days developes into depressed black eschar.

4

True or false? Pain is usual when concerning anthrax, and is not due to oedema or secondary infection

False. Pain is unusual and if present, is due to secondary infection.

5

What are the most common sites for anthrax infections?

Hands, forearms, and head

6

Anthrax has been confused with what disease?

Human Orf

7

Untreated anthrax can cause the fatality rate of ____ and ____% ?

5 and 20

8

Initial symptoms of inhalation anthrax are mild and nonspecific and may include?

Fever, malasia and miod cough or chest pain.

9

Acute symptoms of inhalation anthrax include?

Respiratory distress, X-ray evidence of mediastinal widening.

10

Fever and shock follow inhalation anthrax in ___ to ___ days, with death shortly thereafter.

3 to 5 days

11

Which type of anthrax is more rare, cutaneous, inhalation, or intestinal?

Intestinal

12

Anthrax cultures leave what color stain?

Polychrome methylene (M'Fadyean)blue

13

What is the causative agent for anthrax?

Bacillus anthracis

14

What are the characteristics of of bacillus anthracis?

Gram-postive, encapsulated, spore forming, nonmotile rod

15

True or false? The anthrax spores of B. anthracis are the infectious agent.

true

16

True or false? Anthrax is primarily a disease of herbivores

true

17

Articles of soil contaminated with anthrax may stay contaminated for how long?

Several years

18

Antibiotherapy sterilizes an anthrax skin lesion in how many hours?

24

19

What does the US military reccomend for the treatment of inhalation anthrax?

parenteral ciprofloxacin or doxycycline (duration of treatment is not defined)

20

What is the treatment for cutaneous anthrax?

Penicillin for 5-7 days.\nTetracyclines, erythromycin and chloramphenicol are also effective

21

what is the incubation period for anthrax?

1 to 7 days, although incubation periods up to 60 days are possible. in the russian outbreak incubation periods lasted 43 days.

22

Where are genital infections of chlamydial manifested in both sexes?

males primarily as a urethritis, and in females as a cervical
infection.

23

Asymptomatic
infection may be found in how many men?

1-25% of men

24

In the female, the clinical manifestations of chlamydial infections may be similar to what other disease?

Gonorrhoea

25

Up to what percentage of women are asymptomatic with chlamydial infections?

70%

26

Incubation period for chlamydial infections?

7-14 days

27

Screening of sexually active adolescent girls should be done how often?

annually

28

Treatment for Chlamydial infections?

Doxycycline 100 mg twice daily for 7 days

29

In males, gonococcal infection
presents as an acute purulent discharge from the anterior urethra with
dysuria within how many days?

2-7 days after exposure.

30

In females and homosexual males what types of gonococcal infection are common?

pharyngeal and anorectal infections are common

31

N. gonorrhoeae also known as?

Gonococcal

32

What is the most serious but not the most frequent infectious
agent?

The gonococcus

33

Gonococcal infection treatments are?

ceftriaxone IM (125 mg single dose), cefixime PO
(400 mg single dose), ciprofloxacin PO (500 mg single dose),
floxacin PO (400 mg single dose) or levofloxacin PO (250 mg
single dose)

34

Conjunctivitis occurs in newborns and rarely in adults,
with resultant blindness if not rapidly and adequately treated in what infection

Gonococcal infections

35

Mumps common symptoms

fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, loss of appetite swollen and tender salivary glands

36

Mumps are known for

puffy cheeks and swollen jaw

37

Mumps symptoms last for

16 to 18 days after infection

38

Mumps is contagious by

coughing, sneezing , or talking, sharing cups/spoons

39

Mumps complications are

inflammation of testicles (orchitis) in males

40

mumps can cause

inflammation of the brain (encephalitis)

41

inflammation of tissue covering the brain and spinal cord. (meningitis)

inflammation of ovaries (oophoritis) and breast (mastitis) and deafness

42

Mumps can be prevented with

MMR(measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine

43

Human scabies is caused by an infestation of the skin by the human itch mite (Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis).

microscopic scabies mite burrows into the upper layer of the skin where it lives and lays its eggs.

44

The most common symptoms of scabies are intense itching and a pimple-like skin rash.

The scabies mite usually is spread by direct, prolonged, skin-to-skin contact with a person who has scabies.

45

first time a person gets scabies they usually have no symptoms during the first 2 to 6 weeks they are infested; however they can still spread scabies during this time.

Scabies mites generally do not survive more than 2 to 3 days away from human skin.

46

Scabicide should be applied to all areas of the body from the neck down to the feet and toes.

Products used to treat scabies are called scabicides because they kill scabies mites; some also kill mite eggs.

47

No “over-the-counter” (non-prescription) products have been tested and approved to treat scabies.

The scabicide should be applied to a clean body and left on for the recommended time before washing it off.

48

Schistosomiasis also known as bilharzia a disease caused by parasitic worms

schistosomiasis is considered one of the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD)

49

Parasites that cause NTD live in certain freshwater snails

Serologic test can diagnosis Schistosomiasis

50

There are two types of Schistosomiasis

Urinary and intestinal

51

Treatment for Schistosomiasis

is Praziquantel for 1 to 2 days

52

Smallpox is caused by the variola virus that emerged in human populations thousands of years ago.

Smallpox is a serious, contagious, and sometimes fatal infectious disease. The pox part of smallpox is derived from the Latin word for “spotted” and refers to the raised bumps that appear on the face and body of an infected person.

53

There are two clinical forms of smallpox. Variola major is the severe and most common form of smallpox, with a more extensive rash and higher fever. There are four types of variola major smallpox: ordinary (the most frequent type, accounting for 90% or more of cases); modified (mild and occurring in previously vaccinated persons); flat; and hemorrhagic (both rare and very severe).

Historically, variola major has an overall fatality rate of about 30%; however, flat and hemorrhagic smallpox usually are fatal. Variola minor is a less common presentation of smallpox, and a much less severe disease, with death rates historically of 1% or less.

54

A person with smallpox is sometimes contagious with onset of fever (prodrome phase), but the person becomes most contagious with the onset of rash.

The scabs begin to fall off, leaving marks on the skin that eventually become pitted scars. Most scabs will have fallen off three weeks after the rash appears.

The person is contagious to others until all of the scabs have fallen off.

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