Flashcards in CCDM18, Control Of Communicable Diseases In Man, Topic Anthrax, Choleara, Mumps, Scabies, Schistosomiasis, Smallpox Deck (54)
What nicknames exsist for anthrax?
Woolsorters Disease & Ragpicker Disease
What acute bacterial disease usually affect the skin, but may rarely involve the oropharynx, mediastinum or intestinal tract?
What are the symptoms for cutaneous anthrax?
Itching of exposed skin first, followed by lesions that become papular, then vesicular and in 2-6 days developes into depressed black eschar.
True or false? Pain is usual when concerning anthrax, and is not due to oedema or secondary infection
False. Pain is unusual and if present, is due to secondary infection.
What are the most common sites for anthrax infections?
Hands, forearms, and head
Anthrax has been confused with what disease?
Untreated anthrax can cause the fatality rate of ____ and ____% ?
5 and 20
Initial symptoms of inhalation anthrax are mild and nonspecific and may include?
Fever, malasia and miod cough or chest pain.
Acute symptoms of inhalation anthrax include?
Respiratory distress, X-ray evidence of mediastinal widening.
Fever and shock follow inhalation anthrax in ___ to ___ days, with death shortly thereafter.
3 to 5 days
Which type of anthrax is more rare, cutaneous, inhalation, or intestinal?
Anthrax cultures leave what color stain?
Polychrome methylene (M'Fadyean)blue
What is the causative agent for anthrax?
What are the characteristics of of bacillus anthracis?
Gram-postive, encapsulated, spore forming, nonmotile rod
True or false? The anthrax spores of B. anthracis are the infectious agent.
True or false? Anthrax is primarily a disease of herbivores
Articles of soil contaminated with anthrax may stay contaminated for how long?
Antibiotherapy sterilizes an anthrax skin lesion in how many hours?
What does the US military reccomend for the treatment of inhalation anthrax?
parenteral ciprofloxacin or doxycycline (duration of treatment is not defined)
What is the treatment for cutaneous anthrax?
Penicillin for 5-7 days.\nTetracyclines, erythromycin and chloramphenicol are also effective
what is the incubation period for anthrax?
1 to 7 days, although incubation periods up to 60 days are possible. in the russian outbreak incubation periods lasted 43 days.
Where are genital infections of chlamydial manifested in both sexes?
males primarily as a urethritis, and in females as a cervical
infection may be found in how many men?
1-25% of men
In the female, the clinical manifestations of chlamydial infections may be similar to what other disease?
Up to what percentage of women are asymptomatic with chlamydial infections?
Incubation period for chlamydial infections?
Screening of sexually active adolescent girls should be done how often?
Treatment for Chlamydial infections?
Doxycycline 100 mg twice daily for 7 days
In males, gonococcal infection
presents as an acute purulent discharge from the anterior urethra with
dysuria within how many days?
2-7 days after exposure.