Flashcards in CdB Producers.2 Deck (44):
Coche: Vine Training & Replanting
70% Guyot, 30% Cordon de Royat - Cordon training produces smaller, more concentrated berries than Guyot All vines are replanted via selection massale - no exceptions
Deeply traditional. Whole cluster for whites, destemming for reds, rough press means plenty of matter and nutrients to create spontaneous fermentations. Fermentation generally lasts 10-14 days, but may take up to 3-4 weeks. Full ML. Batonnage depending on vintage.
Coche: Oak treatment
High % of new french, especially for whites; 40% at fermentation. 18-22mos aging for whites, and 14-16mos for reds. Damy (Meursault) and François Frères (St Romain).
Coche: Major wines
Corton Charlemagne Meursault Genevrières Meursault Perrières Meursault Caillerets Meursault Rougeots (village) Volnay 1er Cru (Caillerets and Clos de Chênes)
Who pioneered domaine bottling, and when?
Jacques d’Angerville, 1920’s
d’Angerville: farming philosophy
Biodynamic since 2009
Destemmed, 3-4 day cold soak followed by spontaneous fermentation. 20% new oak at maximum; d’Angerville generally buys 1-2 year old barrels to ensure that the barrel stock is principally made up of 1st and 2nd pass barrels. Taransaud now; his father preferred François Frères.
d'Angerville: Wines (in order of concentration)
Volnay 1er Cru (Mitans, Pitures, Angles [until 2008]) Volnay Fremiets Volnay Taillepieds Volnay Champans Volnay Caillerets Volnay Clos des Ducs
Why is Clos des Ducs generally harvested last?
The harder, limestone-rich soil requires longer maturation.
What is the oak regimen for Leflaive’s Montrachet?
100% new (all other wines top at 30%). The parcel is .08ha, which yields 1-1.5 casks depending on vintage; when warranted by the yield, Leflaive will have a barrel custom-coopered to 310L.
Leflaive: Farming Philosophy
Biodynamic - experimentation started in 1990.
Leflaive: Top Wines
Montrachet Chevalier Bâtard Bienvenues-Bâtard Puligny Pucelles Puligny Combettes Puligny Folatières Puligny Clavoillin
What is notable about Leflaive’s Montrachet purchase?
First Puligny producer to purchase acreage in Montrachet.
Roulot: Farming philosophy
Organic Emphasis on low yields via pruning or vendange vert (only when necessary)
Deuxieme Crus of Roulot
All village level - hallmarks of the estate. Les Tessons, Clos de Mon Plaisir Les Luchets Les Meix-Chavaux
What is Clos des Bouchères?
A 1er cru monopole of Roulot, within the larger Bouchères 1er Cru (the domaine owns 1.26 Bouchères total - Clos des Bouchères is 1.1ha). Purchased in 2011.
Roulot: 1er Crus
Perrières Charmes Bouchères Clos des Bouchères
Crushing before pressing, run into barrels without settling for maximum bourbage. Light batonnage between alcoholic and malolactic fermentations - none after. Max 30% new oak for the 1er crus.
La Poire de Roulot (eau de vie) La Framboise de Roulot (eau de vie) l’Abricot de Roulot (fruit liqueur) Marc de Bourgogne Fine de Bourgogne
Reductive - whole cluster press, no batonnage, 16-20months on the lees. 30% new oak (50% for the Bâtard); 80% of barrels are larger, 350L casks to minimize the impact of the oak.
PYCM: Negociant Wines
Many, many, many. Grand crus: Bâtard Chevalier Corton-Charlemagne Criôts-Bâtard
PYCM: Inaugural vintage
2001 for negociant projects 2006 for domaine
PYCM: Estate wines
Chassagne Caillerets Chassagne Chenevottes Chassagne Ancengnières (village) St Aubin En Remilly St Aubin Chatenière
Individual vines are replaced if they succumb to frost or disease until age 30; after that, the parcel is left until it needs complete replanting. Vines under 12 years of age are declassified - 1er cru to village, and village are sold to the negoce.
Older pinot noir 1st, then whites, then young pinot. 100% destemmed (reds), short cold soak, cool fermentations. NO BATONNAGE (whites) Oak treatment rachets up with vineyard site - 10% for village, 25-30% for 1er cru (40% for Ruchottes - Chassagne Blanc), 50-75% for Grand Cru, 30-40% for reds.
From whence does Ramonet’s Chevalier Montrachet issue?
A “must swap” with Domaine Chartron - 2.5 pieces of Bâtard for 1.5 pieces of Chevalier.
Ramonet: Top Wines
Montrachet Chevalier Bâtard Bienvenues-Bâtard Puligny Champs Canet Chassagne Ruchottes Chassagne Caillerets Chassagne Vergers Chassagne Morgeot (red and white)
Bonneau de Martray: Acreage
4.5ha En Charlemagne (Pernand), all Chardonnay Le Charlemagne (Aloxe): 5.15ha Chardonnay, 1.35ha Pinot Noir (lower elevation slopes)
Bonneau de Martray: Farming Philosophy
Biodynamic since mid-2000’s
de Montille: Whole Cluster?
Depending on vintage, but Etienne is in favor if the fruit is good (100% in 2005, but 0% in 2004).
What domaine has Etienne de Montille run since 2002; purchased outright in 2012?
Chateau de Puligny-Montrachet
What is Cuvée Christiane?
A special bottling from de Montille’s Vosne Malconsorts; .48ha surrounded by La Tâche, named for Etienne’s mother.
Michel Lafarge: Farming Philosophy
Biodnyamic. All selection massale. One of the few domaines to escape overdosing the vines with potassium in the 1960’s - Michel doesn’t like to listen to salesmen.
Michel Lafarge: Oak treatment
Minimal. Max 15% on the 1er crus, only.
What is Clos du Château des Ducs?
A monopole of Michel Lafarge in Volnay, just east of the village - not related to Clos des Ducs.
What is special about Lafarge’s Vendanges Selectionées?
Village level, comes from a single very old vine parcel in the center of the appellation, surrounded by 1er crus. Exemplary.
Comtes-Lafon: Whole Cluster or Whole Berry?
100% destemmed, whole berries as much as possible for reds, whole berry for whites as well to procure must with as little solid matter as possible.
What is Clos de la Barre?
A village-level Meursault plot that is essentially a monopole of Comtes-Lafon; located directly behind the house.
Comtes-Lafon: Top Wines
Montrachet Meursault Goutte d’Or Meursault Charmes Meursault Genevrières Meursault Perrières Clos de la Barre Volnay Santenots du Milieu
100% whole cluster 100% new french oak (14-18mos)
Where are the Marquis de Laguiche plots?
Montrachet (2.06ha) Morgeot (2.5ha - bottled simply as Morgeot)
Bouchard: Top Wines
Chevalier-Montrachet Chevalier La Cabotte (monopole lieu-dit) Beaune Clos St Landry 1er (white) Beaune Grèves Vigne de l’Enfant Jesus (red) Beaune Clos de la Mousse 1er (red) Beaune du Château (blended from at least 5 1er crus - white and red) Volnay Caillerets Ancienne Cuvée Carnot (purchased in 1775)