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Flashcards in Cell Deck (39):
1

Main component of protoplasm

Water

2

Liver and kidney cells are examples of ?

Quiescent

3

Involve in detoxification and lipid synthesis

Agranular or Smooth endoplasmic reticulum

4

Packaging, molecular tagging and synthesis of hyaluronic acid

Golgi apparatus

5

Suicide bags of the cells

Lysosomes

6

Degrades membrane associated proteins

Proteosomes

7

Contains oxidases, catalases for detox

Peroxisomes

8

Where does inactive proteins enter the Golgi

Cis or convex face

9

Trans or concave face - function?

Where packaged proteins leave Golgi apparatus

10

Largest RNA

Messenger RNA massive!

11

Predominant RNA

Rampant ribosomal RNA

12

Smallest RNA

TRNA tiny RNA

13

Specialized RER in neuron

Nissl substance

14

Only substance modified in RER and not in Golgi

Collagen

15

Tags of lysosome bound protein

Mannose 6 phosphate

16

Origin of peroxisome

SER

17

Motor protein from periphery to center

Dynein

18

Dynein missing in cilia and flagella

Kartagener syndrome

19

Gap junctions are seldom seen in the

Skeletal muscles

20

Water is absorbed mainly in the?

Jejunum

21

TIGHT tight junctions examples

Blood brain barrier
Terminal colon
Collecting duct

22

Intercalated disks of cardiac muscles contain

Zonula adherens

23

Functional unit of gap junctions

Connexon

24

CFTR is an example of?

ATP binding cassette proteins

25

Which proteins coat vesicles

Clathrin

26

Which protein mediate exocytosis

sNARE

27

60-40-20 rule

60 tbw
40 icf
20 ecf

28

Plasma is how many percent of body weight

5%

29

What is the milieu interior

Ecf

30

Predominant cation and anion in ECF

Cation - sodium
Anion - chloride

31

Example of impermeant solute

Glucose

32

Weight of the volume of solution divided by weight of equal volume of pure water

Specific gravity

33

Osmotic coefficient of urea

0 complete solute penetration --> no water flow

34

Examples of secondary active transport

Na-K-2Cl transport in TAL
NA-Glucose
SGLT1SGLT2
Na-Ca exchange
Na-H exchange in PCT

35

Functions of Na K ATPase pump

Prevents cellular swelling
Contributes to RMP

36

Where is the Na K ATPase pump found in the choroid plexus?

Apical side

37

Amino acid transport is an example of ________

Facilitated diffusion transport

38

Characteristics of Active Transport

Saturation
Stereospecificity
Competition

39

Labile cells

Skin