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Biology (Photosynthesis/Cell Respiration) > Cell Cycle > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cell Cycle Deck (17)
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1

Gamete

are an organism's reproductive cells

2

Binary fission

asexual reproduction by a separation of the body into two new bodies

3

Gene

is a sequence of nucleotides in DNA or RNA

4

Chromosome

is a long DNA molecule with part or all of the genetic material of an organism.

5

Chromatid

is one half of a duplicated chromosome.

6

Centromere

is the specialized DNA sequence of a chromosome that links a pair of sister chromatids.

7

Homologous Chromosome

are a set of one maternal and one paternal chromosome that pair up with each other inside a cell during fertilization.

8

Diploid

is a cell or organism that has paired chromosomes, one from each parent.

9

Haploid

is the quality of a cell or organism having a single set of chromosomes

10

Zygote

is a eukaryotic cell formed by a fertilization event between two gametes.

11

Karyotype

is the process by which photographs of chromosomes are taken in order to determine the chromosome complement of an individual,

12

Cell Cycle

is the series of events that take place in a cell that cause it to divide into two daughter cells.

13

Interphase

is the portion of the cell cycle that is not accompanied by observable changes under the microscope

14

Mitosis

is a part of the cell cycle, in which, replicated chromosomes are separated into two new nuclei.

15

Cytokinesis

is the part of the cell division process during which the cytoplasm of a single eukaryotic cell divides into two daughter cells.

16

Cancer

is the name for a group of more than 100 diseases in which cells begin to grow out of control.

17

Meiosis

is a special type of cell division of germ cells in sexually-reproducing organisms used to produce the gametes