Cellular Respiration Flashcards Preview

Biology > Cellular Respiration > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cellular Respiration Deck (30):
1

This form of respiration is used by bacteria, yeast, mold, microorganisms, and muscle cells.

Fermentation

2

This is another name for cellular respiration.

Aerobic respiration

3

This is another name for fermentation.

Anaerobic respiration

4

This is the first step in both forms of respiration.

Glycolysis.

5

Glycolysis is the process of...

Splitting glucose

6

This form of respiration is used by plants, animals, fungi, and some microorganisms.

Cellular respiration

7

During glycolysis this many ATP are invested

2 ATP

8

Energy released from breaking glucose is stored in this molecule

NAD+

9

The products of glycolysis are

4 ATP, NADH, and 2 Pyruvate

10

In the Kreb's cycle Pyruvate is converted into

Acetyl Co-A

11

The enzyme that converts Pyruvate in the Kreb's cycle is:

Coenzyme A

12

Acetyl Co-A is converted into....

Citric acid

13

As citric acid is converted into many other compounds, the Kreb's cycle will produce

ATP, NADH, and FADH2

14

The waste product of the Kreb's cycle is

Carbon dioxide

15

The Kreb's cycle produces how many ATP?

2. One for each Pyruvate

16

The electron transport chain will release the energy stored in...

NADH and FADH2

17

The electrons will zoom down the ETC until they reach...

Oxygen!

18

The H+ ions released during the ETC will be used to power this enzyme.

ATPsynthase

19

How many ATP can the electron transport chain make?

32

20

When the electrons reach oxygen in the ETC, this compound is made...it's also why the last step is called chemiosmosis.

Water!

21

This process converts Pyruvic acid into carbon dioxide and ethyl alcohol. It also releases energy from NADH.

Alcoholic fermentation.

22

This process converts Pyruvic acid into lactic acid and also releases the energy from NADH.

Lactic acid fermentation.

23

Short term energy in humans is gained through this process.

Lactic acid fermentation.

24

Short term energy only lasts up to a few minutes and is also responsible for this response...

Fight or flight

25

To recuperate your short term energy, which drains your body (noodle arms and legs), is to...

Rest and get plenty of oxygen.

26

Long term energy or endurance energy is gained through this process...

Cellular respiration.

27

Long term energy can last hours and can be replenished by...

Food and rest

28

Long term energy runs all your basic functions and keeps you alive because...

It releases a slow and steady supply of ATP.

29

Fermentation is also helpful for...

Making food, like cheese and chocolate.
Preventing food from spoiling.

30

The ATP invested is used to...

Break glucose in half