Flashcards in Organic Compounds Deck (46):
Carbon has the ability to form _____,_____, and _______ bonds.
Single, double, triple
Carbon is a _________ element, meaning it can create millions of compounds in various ways.
Carbon can have compounds shaped as ______ and ______.
This element has to be present for a compound to be considered "organic".
there are ____ categories of organic compounds important to living things.
Carbon will bond with _______ other elements
most or many
Small, single unit carbon compounds.
These are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen (CHO) and include sugar and starch.
simple sugars such as glucose, fructose, and galactose.
complex sugars and starches.
these are composed mostly of carbon and hydrogen,often called hydrocarbons.
these are composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorus and are involved in genetics.
these are built by linking subunits called Amino Acids together.
This macromolecule is the main source of energy for living things.
storing energy, not being soluble in water, and having effects on metabolism are properties of...
storing genetic information in a double stranded helix is the job of...
transmitting genetic information in single stranded compound is the job of....
reactions that occur in living things
reactions in living things that break down materials
reactions in living things that build materials
this is any substance that can speed up a chemical reaction
a protein that acts as a catalyst by lowering the amount activation energy needed.
the area on an enzyme where the reaction takes place.
the substance an enzyme binds with.
what three things affect enzyme function?
temperature, pH, and inhibitors.
this type of inhibitor races to block the active site.
These are carbon compounds made by linking monomers together.
These are very large carbon compounds made from polymers.
These are double sugars, such as sucrose and lactose
this type of inhibitor binds away from the active site and commonly shuts off/deactivates an enzyme.
This reaction builds polymers by removing water.
This reaction breaks apart polymers by adding water.
This is animal starch...stored in muscles and the liver.
This is plant starch...often called fiber. It's tough and flexible to give plants support.
This has three fatty acids and a glycerol.
This lipid has two fatty acids, a glycerol, and a phosphate group.
This lipid is composed of two long chains, one is a fatty acid the other is an alcohol.
This category of lipid are made of carbon rings with functional groups. Most are hormones.
This kind of lipid has no double bonds and usually come from animals.
This type of lipid has one or more double bonds and usually come from plants.
This is the name of the reaction when an enzyme binds with its substrate.
There are 20 of these and when they bond together using peptide bonds they form polypeptide chains called proteins.
Carbon compounds can have these....they determine some of the compounds properties.
Carbon has ____ electrons in its outer most energy level that it can share to form strong covalent bonds.
This is the type of bonds that link Amino Acids together to form proteins.
Peptide bonds (proteins are polypeptides!)