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Flashcards in Cervical Region Deck (32):
1

List in order, the osseous parts of the typical cervical vertebra transverse process beginning at the vertebral body

Costal element, anterior tubercle, costotransverse bar posterior tubercle, true transverse process

2

What muscle will attach to the anterior tubercle of a typical cervical vertebra

Anterior Scalene, longus capitis, longus colli, anterior intertransversarii

3

What muscles may attach to the posterior tubercle of a typical cervical vertebrae

splenius cervicis, iliocostalis cervicis, longissimus cervicis, levator scapula, middle scalene, posterior scalene, rotators and posterior intertransversarii

4

What muscles attach to the costotransverse bar

middle scalene and posterior intertransversarii

5

What is the name given to the collective rib-forming region

the pleurapophysis

6

What is the name given to the superior margin of the costotransverse bar

sulcus for the anterior primary ramus of a cervical spinal nerve

7

What is the orientation and angulation of a typical cervical transverse process

60 degrees anteriolaterally (from midsagittal plane), 15 degrees inferiorly (from the horizontal plane)

8

What is the name given to the modification of the anterior tubercle of the C6 transverse process

the carotid tubercle

9

What will cause remodeling of the anterior tubercle at C6

the common carotid artery

10

What will occupy the typical cervical vertebrae transverse foramen

the vertebral artery, vertebral venous plexus and postganglionic sympathetic motor nerve fibers

11

What is the name of the surface feature observed between the ends of the articular pillar

the grove/sulcus for the dorsal ramus of a cervical nerve

12

What is the classic angulation of typical cervical articular facets

40-45 degrees from the coronal plane

13

recent work suggests what angulation for typical cervical articular facets

55-60 degrees

14

What is the orientation of a typical cervical superior articular facet

BUM backward upward and medial

15

What is the orientation of a typical cervical inferior articular facet

FoLD forward lateral and down

16

What muscles will attach to typical cervical articular processes

The longissimus capitis, longissimus cervicis, semispinalis capitis, semispinalsi cervicis, multifidus and rotator longus

17

Ranges of coupled motion among the typical cervical vertebrae will be similar for what cervical vertebral couples

C2-C3
C3-C4
C4-C5 vertebral couples

18

Ranges of coupled motion among the typical cervical vertebrae will begin to decrease at what cervical vertebral couple

the C5/C6 vertebral couple

19

What is the usual condition for the Caucasian typical cervical spinous process

They are bifid

20

What is the usual condition for the African American typical cervical spinous process

they are non-bifid

21

What muscles may attach to the typical cervical spinous process

the spinalis cervicis, semispinalis cervicis, semispinalis thoracis, multifidis, rotators and interspinalis

22

What forms the unique anterior boundary of the intervertebral foramen for the C4 spinal nerve

The lateral groove of C3 and uncinate process of C4 forming the joint of Luschka

23

What produces the primary tension on the transverse process that will cause remodeling in the anterolateral and inferior directions

cervical spinal nerves as they are directed anterolaterally and inferiorly to form the cervical and brachial plexuses

24

What part of the peripheral nerve system is observed in the transverse foramen of typical cervical vertebrae

post-ganglionic sympathetic motor nerve fibers of the autonomic (involuntary or visceral) nerve system

25

What will inflluence spinal kinematics

geometry of articular facets, mechanical properties of connective tissue, mechanical properties of muscle

26

what should be carefully considered when applying research results to a population

The condition of the subject material, age range of the population the method of measurement

27

What will form the anterior boundary of a typical cervical intervertebral foramen

the lateral groove and vertebral body of the segment above, the uncinate process and vertebral body of the segment below, the intervertebral disc and the posterior longitudinal ligament

28

What will for the posterior boundary of a typical cervical intervertebral foramen

the inferior articular process (post zygapophysis), the superior articular process (pre-zygapophysis), the capsular ligament and the ligamentum flavum

29

What will form the superior boundary of a typical cervical intervertebral foramen

the inferior vertebral notch or inferior vertebral incisure

30

What will form the inferior boundary of a typicl cervical intervertebral foramen

the superior vertebral notch or superior vertebral inscisure

31

What will form the unique anterior boundary of a typical cervical intervertebral foramen

the uncinate process of the segment below and lateral groove of the segment above forms the joint of Luschka

32

What forms the unique anterior boundary of the intervertebral foramen for the C4 spinal nerve

the lateral groove of C3 and uncinate process of C4 forming the joint of Luschka