Cervical Spine Flashcards Preview

Clinical Anatomy - Trunk/Thorax > Cervical Spine > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cervical Spine Deck (8)
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1

C Vertebrae - Body

small
wider side to side than anteroposteriorly
superior surface is concave between adjacent (uncinate) processes
inferior surface is convex

2

C Vertebrae - Vertebral foramen

large and triangular

3

C Vertebrae - Transverse processes

transverse foramen (but small/absent in C7) for vertebral arteries
looks like a gutter
have anterior and posterior tubercles
*tubercles make groove for spinal nerve

4

C Vertebrae - Articular processes

superior facets directed superoposteriorly
inferior facets directed inferoanteriorly
*hands on shoulders

5

C Vertebrae - Spinous processes

C3-C5 are short and bifid
process of C6 is long, but C7 is longer
C7 is called vertebra prominens

6

C Vertebrae - Atlas characteristics

C1
-ring-like; kidney shaped when viewed superiorly or inferiorly
-no spinous process or body (2 lateral masses connected by anterior and posterior arches)
-concave superior articular facets form atlanto-occipital joints with the occipital condyles
-flat inferior facets meet with C2 to form lateral atlanto-axial joints

7

C Vertebrae - Axis characteristics

C2
-strongest cervical vertebrae
-dens: projects superiorly from body and provides pivot point for the atlas to turn
-articulates anteriorly with anterior arch of the atlas
-articulates posteriorly with transverse ligament of the atlas

8

C Vertebrae - Uncinate process

hold c vertebrae together