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Flashcards in CH 1 Deck (24):
1

The most widely used and cited official measure of crime in the U.S. is the:

-National Crime Survey
-Uniform Crime Reports
-Supplemental Crime Reports
-NCVS
-none of the above

Uniform Crime Reports

2

Part I crimes include all but which of the following?

-arson, kidnapping, assault, rape, murder
-murder, burglary, auto theft, larceny
-larceny, robbery, auto theft, rape
-arson, burglary, larceny, robbery

arson, kidnapping, assault, rape, murder

3

Which of the following is NOT true about the UCR?


-it is voluntary
-individual officers can adjust the crime counts
-departments have no control over the crime reports
-many offenses are not reported to the police
-all of the above are true

departments have no control over the crime reports

4

Surveys of the population to measure criminal victimization in society are called:


-crime surveys
-victimization surveys
-self-report surveys
-uniform crime report surveys
-none of the above

victimization surveys

5

The best known of the victimization surveys is the:


-Panel Survey
-National Youth Survey
-Monitoring the Future Survey
-National Crime Victimization Survey
-none of the above

National Crime Victimization Survey

6

A survey that questions the same subjects repeatedly over a specified period is a:


-longitudinal survey
-panel survey
-repeated response survey
-cross-sectional survey
-none of the above

panel survey

7

Compared to the number of crimes committed, monetary losses from crime:


-are dropping at a comparable rate
-vary greatly from year to year
-reach into the trillions of dollars each year
-cannot be determined
-none of the above

reach into the trillions of dollars each year

8

“An emotional response of dread or anxiety to crime or symbols that a person associates with crime” defines:


-anxiety reaction
-incivility
-fear
-affective avoidance
-none of the above

fear

9

Various studies place the level of fear of crime in society at roughly:


-20%–30%
-30%–40%
-40%–50%
-50%–60%
-more than 60%

40%–50%

10

Compared to both official and victimization measures of crime, fear of crime is:


-lower
-about the same
-higher
-directly related to crime
-none of the above

higher

11

Which of the following is NOT part of the classification system for fear offered by Ferraro and LaGrange?


-emotions
-judgments
-anxiety
-values
-all of the above are included

anxiety

12

Official and victimization measures typically show that ______ of the population are victimized.

-less than 10%
-20%–30%
-40%–50%
-60%–70%
-more than 70%

less than 10%

13

________________ refers to knowing someone or hearing about someone who has been the victim of a crime.


-perceptual victimization
-associative victimization
-vicarious victimization
-attributive fear
-none of the above

vicarious victimization

14

The growth of identity theft is largely related to ___________________.

-ease of stealing credit cards
-the Internet and electronic records
-failure by people to protect their identities
-the failure to shred documents
-none of the above

the Internet and electronic records

15

Which of the following is NOT a reason there is limited data on mass-market fraud?

-too new for the system
-no systematic method for collecting this data
-no definition of the crimes
-victims often don’t know they have been victimized
-all of the above are reasons

no definition of the crimes

16

The trend in official measures of crime over the past 30 years has been for steady levels of crime. (TF)

false

17

Police administrative procedures can have a large impact on the level of official crime (TF)

true

18

The NCVS shows that crime has been on the increase over the past decade (TF)

false

19

Recent figures place the economic costs of crime to society at almost $300 trillion per year (TF)

true

20

Ferraro and LaGrange’s classification scheme for fear taps judgments, emotions, and costs (TF)

false

21

There is general consensus on how to measure fear (TF)

false

22

There is little relationship between crime and fear of crime (TF)

true

23

Incivility refers to physical and social factors involved in disorder and community decline (TF)

true

24

Identity theft is a serious problem for the victims but is not common in society (TF)

false