Ch 1 - Nomenclature Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 1 - Nomenclature Deck (15):
1

Carbonyl group

C double bonded to oxygen
Aldehydes contain at end; ketones contain in middle neither have leaving groups connected to carbonyl C

2

Carboxylic acid

Prefix: carboxy-
Suffix: -oic acid
Terminal C has a double bond O and an OH attached

3

Anhydride

Prefix: alkanoyloxycarbonyl-
Suffix: anhydride
O connected to a C on each side which are both double bonded to Os

4

Ester

Prefix: alkoxycarbonyl-
-oate
C double bonded to an O and single bonded to another O which is bonded to an R group. R group is not numbered.

5

Amide

Prefix: carbamoyl- or amido-
Suffix: -amide
C double bonded to an O and an N group
N groups named as N-

6

Aldehyde

Prefix: oxo-
Suffix: -al
Terminal C has double bond O

7

Ketone

Prefix oxo- or keto-
Suffix: -one
Nonterminal C has double bond O

8

Alcohol

Prefix: hydroxy-
Suffix: -ol
C single bond OH

9

Formaldehyde

Methanal

10

Acetaldehyde

Ethanal

11

Propionaldehyde

Propanol

12

Acetone

2-propanone

13

Formic acid

Methanoic acid

14

Arctic acid

Ethanoic acid

15

Propionic acid

Propanoic acid