Flashcards in Ch 1: Organ Systems Deck (24):
Anatomy vs Physiology
Anatomy: study of body structures and their relationships to one another
Physiology: study of function of body structures
Branches of Anatomy
Gross Anatomy: structures that can be seen with the naked eye
Embryology: development of the body's form
Microscopic: cytology and histology
[cell / tissues]
How many organ systems function together to maintain homeostasis
11 organ systems
11 organ systems
11a. Male reproductive
11b. Female reproductive
Provides protection, regulates body temp, prevents water loss
(site of cutaneous receptors, synthesis of V-D)
Provides support, protection, homeopoiesis, stores calcium/phosphorus, site for muscle attachment
Provides body movement, generates heat when muscles are moved
Controls body movement, responds to sensory stimuli
(responsible for consciousness, intelligence, memory)
Consists of glands and cell clusters that secret hormones
Master Endocrine Gland
everything to do with vessels that attach to the heart
Transports and filter lymph, initiates an immune response when necessary
What is lymph?
interstitial fluid transported through lymph vessels
What is interstitial fluid?
Main component of extracellular fluid
What is extracellular fluid?
All body fluid outside of the cells
Exchange of gases between blood and the air in the lungs
Mechanical and chemical digestion of food materials, absorbs nutrients, and expels waste
Filters the blood and removes waste products from the blood; expels waste products through urine
Male Reproductive System?
Produces male sex cells (sperm) and male hormones (testosterone), transfers sperm to the female [or the toilet, tissue, or sock]
Female Reproductive System?
Produces female sex cells (oocytes/eggs) and female hormones (estrogen and progesterone), receives sperm from male, site of fertilization of oocytes/eggs, site of growth and development of embryo and fetus
The Ductus Deferens are also known as?
The Vas Deferens
The Uterine Tubes are also known as?
The Fallopian Tubes
Male and Female Gonads?