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Flashcards in Final - digestion Deck (24):
1

The opening to the stomach from the esophagus is the

Cardiac orifice

2

The opening opposite the Cardiac Orifice is the

Pyloric orifice

3

3 regions of the stomach are the

Fundus
Body
Pyloric antrum

4

The right side of the stomach forms the _____ ____, the left side forms the _____ ______

Lesser curvature

greater curvature

5

Most chemical digestion and absorption happens here.

The Small Intestines

6

The small intestine begins with the

Duodenum

7

After the duodenum, the small intestines turns into the

jejunum

8

the small intestines ends as the

ileum

9

what increases the surface area on the surface of the small intestines (across which nutrients are absorbed)

Villi and Microvilli

10

Each villus contains what 2 things?

capillaries and central lacteal

11

What does the gallbladder secrete?

bile

12

what does the pancreas secrete?

amylase
lipase
protease

13

where does the gallbladder and pancreas secrete into?

the duodenum

14

what does bile do?

emulsifies fat

15

what does amylase do?

breaks down carbs

16

lipase does what?

breaks down lipids

17

protease does what?

breaks down proteins

18

Structure: slows down the passage of materials undergoing digestion

circular folds

19

Structure: increases surface area for both absorption and chemical digestion

villi and microvilli

20

enteroendocrine cells lining intestinal glands that secrete hormones

intestinal glands

21

secrete alkali mucin to protect and lubricate lining of small intestine

submucosal glands

22

The liver connects to the inferior surface of the diaphragm through the ...?

falciform

23

The liver is joined to the stomach by the...

lesser omentum

24

Blood is delivered to the liver through what two things?

hepatic portal vein
and hepatic artery