Flashcards in Final - Respiratory Sys Deck (44):
The nasal cavity is formed by ...
hard and soft palates
The nasal cavity is divided into what laterally into what?
Two nasal fosse by the nasal septum
These ridges which project from the ethmoid, divide each fossa into meatuses
The nasal cavity wall is covered by _____ ______ that cleanses the air as it passes through the cavity
Nasal turbinates slow air flow for
humidifying and trapping the particulates
The upper respiratory stops at this
The Larynx is the top of what?
the lower respiratory system
another word for nostril
another word for internal nares
another word for the pharyngeal tonsil
The pharynx connects the oral and nasal cavities with the
esophagus and larynx
The three parts of the pharynx are
air and food/water cross paths here
has pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium
-serves as the passageway for food and drink
-nonkeratinized stratified squamous epithelium
oropharynx / laryngopharynx
posterior to the nasal cavity
posterior to the oral cavity
Extends from hyoid bone to beginning of esophagus
the larynx controls the passage of air into the
lower respiratory tract
The larynx opening is controlled by the
The larynx contains
vocal folds (true vocal cord)
name of this: ligaments covered by mucous membrane
the trachea extends from the larynx to the
the trachea is kept open by
C-shaped cartilage rings
What is made of hyaline cartilage in the respiratory system
-C-shaped tracheal rings
-laryngeal cartilages minus the epiglottis
The wall of the trachea contain several layers called
The trachea is smaller than the larynx
why is the back of the trachea not cartilage?
to allow the esophagus to expand
The lungs lie in the thoracic cavity, on either side of the ______ and enclosed within the ____
The root of the lung includes the
pulmonary artery / vein
The primary bronchus and primary artery / vein pass through the..
The parietal layer of the lung is attached to the
the visceral layer of the lung is attached to the
There's a partial ____ in the pleural cavity
What is on the left lung that's not on the right?
the cardiac notch
What's on the right lung that's not on the left?
The pulmonary tree consists of a conducting division, though which ____ _____, and a respiratory division, where ____ _______ occurs
The conducting division of the lung consists of _____ and successively branching ________
The ultimate branches in the conducting division are...
The respiratory division consists of
The alveoli are separated from one another by
septal cells secrete ____, which reduces the collapse of ____
Diffusion is down a ______ ______