Ch 1 Pathology Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 1 Pathology Terms Deck (15)
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1

Atrophy

a reduction in the size or number of cells in an organ or tissue, with a corresponding decreasing in function

2

Hypertrophy

an increase in the size of the cells of a tissue or organ in response to a demand for increased function

3

Hyperplasia

an increase in the number of cells in a tissue or organ

4

Dysplasia

a loss in the uniformity of individual cells and their architectural orientation

5

Neoplasia

"new growth"- an abnormal proliferation of cells that are no longer controlled by the factors that govern the growth of normal cells

6

Malignant tumors are referred to as

Cancers

7

The suffix of benign tumors is

-omas

8

Sarcomas

Highly malignant tumors arising from connective tissues, such as, bone, muscle, and cartilage. Spreads more rapidly than carcinoma

9

Morbidity

the rate of which an illness or abnormality occurs

10

Mortality

calculated by reviewing the population involved to statistically calculate the expected death rate

11

Antigens

foreign substance that evokes an immune response

12

Antibodies

immunoglobulins responding to the antigens to make them harmless

13

Immune

Protected against antigens; antibodies binding with antigens to make them harmless

14

Anaphylactic Reaction

hypersensitive reaction resulting in a histamine release

15

Standard Precautions

Protection utilized when delivering healthcare services to any person