Ch 1- Shaping your Health Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 1- Shaping your Health Deck (51):
1

The 7 factors that your health impacts

-Education/career
-Socialize with friends and family
-Chance to travel (Business, relaxation, adventure)
-Meet and connect with new people
-conceive and/or parent children
-hobbies and recreational activities
-live independently

2

Life Span

Max number of years humans are capable of living

3

Life Expectancy

Average number of years members of a cohort can expect to live

4

Life Course

Path people follow through life

5

Lifestyle

Personalized version of the life course of a cohort can expect to live

6

Life Fable

"story" of a person's life, as written and directed by that person

7

Health Promotion

anything that helps people improve their health status; a movement in which knowledge, practices, and values are transmitted to people for use in lengthening their lives, reducing the incidence of illness, and **feeling Better** (ex. eat healthy, exercise, good relationships)

8

Wellness key thing to remember

we each have our own personal full potential. we are not all held the the same fitness standards

9

Wellness

The unlocking of our full potential through the development of an overall wellness lifestyle (even with chronic illness or limitations) NO COMPARISONS

10

School Health Education

OLDEST SETTING (of the ways you could educate others about health) coordinated school health programs (food served, programs, health options for staff)

11

Community/public Health Education

PUBLIC (GOVERNMENT/TAX FUNDED) National, state, county, and city programs
also includes non government funded Voluntary Health Agencies

12

Work sight Health Education

AKA Work sight Wellness, employee, wellness, etc. (offering flu shots, smoking cessation classes, etc.)

13

Health Care/Clinical Health Education

Health educator will discuss all the options/ processes of doing something
Healthcare will tell you that you need to do this or that and refer you to a health educator to discuss the details

14

Health Literacy

You never know what information you wish you could understand
Obtain, interprete, and understand basic health information and services
use such information and services in ways that enhance health

15

4 COMPONENTS OF A HEALTH LITERATE PERSON

Critical thinker/problem solver
responsible productive citizen
self-directed learner
an effective communicator

16

Critical thinker/problem solver

-Examine health problems
-formulate ways to solve these problems
-able to find valid reliable information

17

Responsible, productive citizen

Feel obligated to keep their community, healthful safe, and secure

18

Self-directed learner

Recognize the need to gather and use health information throughout their life

19

Effective communicator

-Organize and convey beliefs, ideas, and information about health through a variety of methods
(writing things down/bringing another person ways to communicate well with health professionals

20

World Health organization (1947)

Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity

21

Holistic Health

A view of health in terms of 6 components (Physical, emotional, social, intellectual, spiritual, environmental/occupational)

22

Emotional Dimension

being in/perceive reality
cope with stress
remain flexible (get out of your comfort zone)
compromise to resolve conflict
feelings (dealing with them)`

23

Social Dimension

social skills
work effectively with diverse groups in multiple settings
necessary to be successful in your career

24

Intelectual Dimension

Process and act on new information
clarify values and beliefs (question things, see what you truly believe to make decisions)
exercise decision-making capacity
(how do I interact with everyone?)

25

spiritual dimension

relationship to other living things
role of a spiritual direction in you life
nature of human behavior
willingness to serve others
(why am I here? what does this all mean)

26

Environmental/occupational dimension

Employment satisfaction =directly related to health
micro environmental
macro environmental
how stable we feel things around us are

27

micro environmental

social support, neighborhood, school, work

28

Macro environmental

country, world at large

29

Healthy People 2020

National health goals
preventing disease and improving people's quality of life
(guides what government programing will take place)

30

2020 Nation al health goals

-Eliminate preventable diseases, disability, injury, and premature death
-achieve health equity, eliminate disparities, and improve the health of all groups
-create social and physical environments that promote good health for all
-promote healthy development and healthy behaviors across every stage of life

31

Morbidity

illness and disease

32

Mortality

death

33

6 categories of behavior that cause the most mortality/morbidity

Dietary patterns
exercise level
tobacco
alcohol/drugs
intensional or unintentional injuries
sexual behavior
*these begin when we are young and are interconnected

34

Ages of College students

traditional- 18-24
nontraditional- 25+

35

Young adults developmental tasks

forming an initial adult identity
establishing independence
assuming responsibility
broadening social skills
nurturing intimacy
obtaining employment/developing parenting skills

36

Suggestions for making changes

1. establish and summarize baseline data
2. make a personal contract/plan of action
3. chart your progress
4.encourage family/friends to help
5. set up a reward system
6. prepare for obstacles
7. revise as necessary
8. small steps!!
9. progress not perfection
10. focus on the positive

37

Steps for behavior change

know your behavior in associated with a health problem
believe your behavior makes you susceptible
recognize risk-reduction strategies exist
believe benefits our way cost
significant others want them to change

38

Stages of change

there are 6 stages of change
change = progress

39

pre-contemplation

(first stage of change)
no intent to change
-need to be encouraged to change their thinking

40

Contemplation

(second stage of change)
thinking about it, going to make change in 6 months

41

Preparation

(third stage of change)
Actively planning change

42

Action

(fourth stage of change)
implementing the change

43

Maintenance

(fifth stage of change)
practicing mew habits for 6 months

44

Termination

(sixth stages of change)
change efforts are complete (terminated old behavior)\

45

relapse

it is a reality most people experience at some point, just don’t let it stop you from trying again

46

Episodic Medicine

-only visit health care provider if you are ill or injured
-to be healthy means an absence of illness, disease, or injury

47

Preventative/prospective medicine

-patients who are well visit physicians to ID potential for illness
-physicians will test to ID and manage early indications of risk
-GOAL OF IT IS TO PREVENT ILLNESS FROM OCCURING, DELAY, ONSET, AND LESSEN SEVERITY
-to be healthy means an absence of high-level risk for future illness or disease

48

Physical dimension

-how well body performs intended functions
-physical indicators=RHR, BP, cholesterol, body weight/body fat %
-physical fitness
-level of endurance (make it through your day)
-level of susceptibility (how fast you get sick)
-powers of recuperation ( how fast you recover)

49

empowerment

a result of preventative care, a useful resource for leading a health, productive, and satisfying life

50

personalized medicine

newly established understanding of the human genome and associated technology to identify genetic markers that suggest predispositions for future illnesses

51

regenerative medicine

uses stencil technology to grow replacement body tissues and structures