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Flashcards in Ch 1 Test Deck (31)
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The pattern of movement or change that begins at conception and continues through the human life span

Development

1

The settings influenced by historical, economic, social, and cultural factors, in which development occurs

Context

2

The behavior patterns, beliefs, and all other products of a group that are passed on from generation to generation

Culture

3

Comparisons of one culture with one or more other cultures

Cross-cultural studies

4

What are the 3 processes

Biological-changes in an individual's body

Cognitive-changes in an individuals thought,intelligence, and language

Socioemotional -changes in an individual's relationship with other people, changes in emotion, changes in personality

5

Time from conception to birth

Prenatal period

6

The development peridod that extends from birth to 18-24 months of age

Infancy

7

The developmental period that extends from the end of infancy to about 5-6 years of age

Early childhood

8

The developmental period of transition from childhood to early adulthood, entered at approx. 10-12 years of age and ending at 18-22

Adolescence

9

The developmental period that extends from about 6-11 years

Middle and late childhood

10

Effects due to a person's time of birth, era, or generation but not to actual age

Cohort effects

11

The generation born after 1980 that is the first to come of age and enter emerging adulthood in the millennium

Millenials

12

The issues regarding whether developmental is primary influenced by _____ or _______.

Nature or nurture

13

The issues regarding whether developmental involves gradual, cumulative change or distinct stages.

Continuity and discontinuity

14

The issue to the degree to which early experiences or later experiences are the key determination of the child' s development

Early and later experiences

15

Freud's 5 stages

Oral
Anal
Phallic
Latency
Gential

16

Describe developmental as primarily unconscious and heavily colored by emotion

Psychoanalytical

17

A sociocultural cognitive theory that emphasizes how culture and social interaction guide cognitive development

Vgotsky's theory

18

Emphasizes that individuals manipulate information, monitor it, and strategies about it

Information processing theory

19

A neutral stimulus acquires by the ability to produce a response originally produced by another stimulus

Pavlov's classical conditioning

20

The consequences of a behavior produce change in the probability of the behaviors occurrences

Skinner's operant conditioning

21

Stresses that behavior in strongly influenced by biology, is tied to evolution, and is characterized by critical or sensitive periods

Ethology

22

A controlled setting in which many of the complex factors of the real work are removed

Laboratory

23

Observing behavior in real world settings

Naturalistic observation

24

A research design that has the purpose of observing and recording behavior

Descriptive research

25

A research design whose goal is to describe the strength if the relationship between two or more events or characteristics

Correlation research

26

A number based on statistical analysis that is used to describe the degree of association between two variables

Correlation coefficient

27

A research strategy in which individuals of different ages are compared at one time

Cross-sectional approach

28

A research strategy in which the same individuals are studied over a period of time usually several years or more

Longitudinal approach

29

Use of ethnic label portraying ethnic groups as more homogenous than they really are

Ethnic gloss