# Ch 1: The Basics Flashcards

1
Q

The horizontal axis is called the (x/y) axis.

A

X

2
Q

The vertical axis is called the (x/y) axis.

A

Y

3
Q

Unrelated

A

two items that are not associated - aka hair color is unrelated to shoe size.

4
Q

Related or proportional

A

two items that are associated, but the relationship between the items does not have to be specified. - Santa is related to Christmas

5
Q

Directly related or directly proportional

A

two items that are associated such that when one item INCREASES the other INCREASES - aka age is directly related to experience

6
Q

Inversely related or inversely proportional

A

two items are associated such that when one item INCREASES the other DECREASES - aka golf score in inversely related to skill

7
Q

Reciprocal relationship

A

when two numbers are multiplied together and the result is one; a special form of inverse relationship.- aka 2 and 1/2 are reciprocals

8
Q

Scientific or engineering notation

A

a shorthand manner to represent very large or very small numbers

9
Q

In scientific or engineering notation, a positive exponent has a value (greater/less) than 10.

A

greater

10
Q

In scientific or engineering notation, a negative exponent has a values (greater/less) than 1.

A

less

11
Q

In scientific or engineering notation, an exponent of zero has a value between…

A

1 and 10.

12
Q

giga

A

billion, G, 10^9

13
Q

mega

A

million, M, 10^6

14
Q

kilo

A

thousand, k, 10^3

15
Q

hecto

A

hundred, h, 10^2

16
Q

deca

A

ten, da, 10^1

17
Q

deci

A

tenth, d, 10^-1

18
Q

centi

A

hundredth, c, 10^-2

19
Q

milli

A

thousandth, m, 10^-3

20
Q

micro

A

millionth, 10^-6

21
Q

nano

A

billionth, n, 10^-9