Flashcards in Ch. 12 Vocab Thats Not In Powerpoint Deck (24):
Is a contagious outbreak of irrational behavior that spreads much like a flu epidemic
Many people simultaneously become convinced of bizarre things that are false. Think UFOs
Fundamental attribution error
Tendency to overestimate the impact of dispositional influences on other people’s behavior
Enduring characteristics such as personality traits, attitudes, and intelligence
Social influences on conformity
1. Uniformity of agreement
2. Difference in the wrong answer
Engaging in group discussion strengthens dominant positions held by individual members
Group of individuals who exhibit intense and unquestioning devotion to a single individual. Group think can lead to this. Pg. 503 promote group think in four ways: having a persuasive leader who fosters loyalty, disconnecting group members from the outside world, discouraging questioning of the groups assumptions, and establishing training practices that gradually in-doctorate members
Approach to convincing people to change their minds about something by first introducing reasons why the perspective might be correct and then debunking these reasons
Pro social behavior
Behavior intended to help others.
Safety in numbers or danger in numbers
Danger in numbers. When there is more people we are less likely to help.
Error of assuming that no one in a group perceives things as we do.
Diffusion of responsibility
Reduction of feelings of personal responsibility in the presence of others
Learning about psychological research can change real world behavior for the better
Phenomenon whereby individuals become less productive in groups
Helping others for unselfish reasons
Form of indirect aggression prevalent in girls, involving spreading rumors, gossiping, and using nonverbal put downs for the purpose of social manipulation
Culture of honor
A social norm of defending one’s reputation in the face of perceived insults
Personality that assesses the extent to which people’s behavior reflects their true feelings and attitudes
Evolutionary principle that creates a predisposition toward distrusting anything or anyone unfamiliar or different
Negative behavior toward members of out groups
Unfounded negative belief of which we are unaware regarding the characteristics of an out group.
Unfounded negative belief of which we are unaware regarding the characteristics of an out group