Ch. 12 Vocab Thats Not In Powerpoint Flashcards Preview

psychology Part 2 > Ch. 12 Vocab Thats Not In Powerpoint > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 12 Vocab Thats Not In Powerpoint Deck (24):
1

Mass hysteria

Is a contagious outbreak of irrational behavior that spreads much like a flu epidemic

2

Collective delusions

Many people simultaneously become convinced of bizarre things that are false. Think UFOs

3

Fundamental attribution error

Tendency to overestimate the impact of dispositional influences on other people’s behavior

4

Dispositional influences

Enduring characteristics such as personality traits, attitudes, and intelligence

5

Social influences on conformity

1. Uniformity of agreement
2. Difference in the wrong answer
3. Size
Pg. 497

6

Group polarization

Engaging in group discussion strengthens dominant positions held by individual members

7

Cults

Group of individuals who exhibit intense and unquestioning devotion to a single individual. Group think can lead to this. Pg. 503 promote group think in four ways: having a persuasive leader who fosters loyalty, disconnecting group members from the outside world, discouraging questioning of the groups assumptions, and establishing training practices that gradually in-doctorate members

8

Inoculation effect

Approach to convincing people to change their minds about something by first introducing reasons why the perspective might be correct and then debunking these reasons

9

Pro social behavior

Behavior intended to help others.

10

Antisocial

Aggressive acts

11

Safety in numbers or danger in numbers

Danger in numbers. When there is more people we are less likely to help.

12

Pluralistic ignorance

Error of assuming that no one in a group perceives things as we do.

13

Diffusion of responsibility

Reduction of feelings of personal responsibility in the presence of others

14

Enlightenment effect

Learning about psychological research can change real world behavior for the better

15

Social loafing

Phenomenon whereby individuals become less productive in groups

16

Altruism

Helping others for unselfish reasons

17

Relational aggression

Form of indirect aggression prevalent in girls, involving spreading rumors, gossiping, and using nonverbal put downs for the purpose of social manipulation

18

Culture of honor

A social norm of defending one’s reputation in the face of perceived insults

19

Self monitoring

Personality that assesses the extent to which people’s behavior reflects their true feelings and attitudes

20

Adaptive conservatism

Evolutionary principle that creates a predisposition toward distrusting anything or anyone unfamiliar or different

21

Discrimination

Negative behavior toward members of out groups

22

Explicit prejudice

Unfounded negative belief of which we are unaware regarding the characteristics of an out group.

23

Implicit prejudice

Unfounded negative belief of which we are unaware regarding the characteristics of an out group

24

Jigsaw classroom

Educational approach designed to minimize prejudice by requiring all children to make independent contributions to a shared project