Ch.11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch.11 Deck (31):
1

Emotion

Mental state or feeling associated with our evaluation of our experiences

2

Discrete emotion theory

Theory that humans experience a small number of distinct emotions that are rooted in their biology

3

Primary emotions

Small number of emotions believed by some theorists to be cross culturally universal
Includes happiness, sadness, surprise, anger, disgust, fear, and contempt

4

Display rules

Cross cultural guidelines for how and when to express emotions

5

Cognitive theories of emotion

Theories proposing that emotions are products of thinking

6

James Lange theory of emotion

Theory proposing that emotions result from our interpretations of our bodily reactions to stimuli

7

Somatic marker theory

Theory proposing that we use our gut reactions to help us determine how we should act

8

Cannon bard theory

Theory proposing that an emotion provoking event leads simultaneously to an emotion and to bodily reactions

9

Two factor theory

Theory proposing that emotions are produced by an undifferentiated state of arousal along with an attribution of that arousal

10

Mere exposure effect

Phenomenon in which repeated exposure to a stimulus makes us more likely to feel favorably toward it

11

Facial feedback theory

Theory that blood vessels in the face feed back temperature info in the brain, altering our experiences of emotions

12

Proxemics

Study of personal space
1. Public distance
2. Social distance
3. Personal distance
4. Intimate distance

13

Self esteem

Evaluation of our worth

14

Narcissism

A personality trait marked by extreme self centered ness.

15

Positive illusions

Tendencies to perceive more favorably than others do.

16

Positive psychology

Discipline that has sought to emphasize human strengths

17

Defensive pessimism

Strategy of anticipating failure and compensating for this expectation my mentally over preparing for negative outcomes

18

Incentive theories

Theories proposing that we are often motivated by positive goals

19

Glucostatic theory

Theory that when our blood glucose levels drop, hunger creates a drive to eat to restore the proper level of glucose

20

Leptin

Hormone that signals the hypothalamus and brain stem to reduce appetite and increase the amount of energy used

21

Set point

Value that establishes a range of body and muscle mass we tend to maintain

22

Internal-external theory

Theory holding that obese people are motivated to eat more by external cues than internal cues

23

Bulimia nervousa

Eating disorder associated with pattern of binging and purging in an effort to lose or maintain weight

24

Anorexia nervosa

Eating disorder associated with excessive weight loss and the irrational perception that one is overweight

25

The physiology of the human sexual response

1. Excitement phase
2. Plateau phase
3. Orgasm (climax phase)
4. Resolution phase
Pg. 440

26

Excitement phase

Phase in human sexual response in which people experience sexual pleasure and notice physiological changes associated with it

27

Plateau phase

Phase in human sexual response in which sexual tension builds

28

Orgasm climax phase

Phase in human sexual response marked by involuntary rhythmic contractions in the muscles of genitals in both men and women

29

Resolution phase

Phase in human sexual response following orgasm, in which people report relaxation and a sense of well being

30

Guilty knowledge test

Relies on the premise that criminals harbor concealed knowledge about the crime that innocent people don’t. High false negative low false positives

31

Integrity test

Questionnaire that presumably assesses workers tendency to steal or cheat