Ch 13 - Musculoskeletal Pathology Flashcards Preview

OTA 102 - Ch 13 Skeletal & Muscular Systems > Ch 13 - Musculoskeletal Pathology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 13 - Musculoskeletal Pathology Deck (52)
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1

adhesive capsulitis

loss of range of motion in the shoulder; also called "frozen shoulder"

2

anterior cruciate ligament tear

injury to one of the stabilizing ligaments of the knee, which originates on the anterior portion of the femur

3

bursitis

condition of inflammation of the tiny fluid-filled sacs that act as cushions and provide lubrication to decrease friction and irritation between structures such as bones, tendons, muscles and skin

4

carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)

compression of the median nerve, causing pain or numbness in the wrist, hand and fingers

5

claw toe

condition in which the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint flexes dorsally while the other joint or joints in the toe flex toward the sole

6

contracture

fibrosis (build up of connective tissue/scarring) of connective tissue which decreases the mobility of a joint

7

crepitation

grating sound from broken bones, or a clicking or crackling sound from joints

8

dislocation

displacement or separation of a bone from its normal position where it articulates with another bone

9

electromyography (EMG)

test used to evaluate and record the electrical activity produced by skeletal muscles; used to diagnose neuromuscular disorders

10

fibromyalgia

chronic condition marked by pain in the muscles, tendons, ligaments, and soft tissues of the body; also called "fibromyositis," "fibrositis," and "myofibrositis"

11

fracture

condition in which a bone is broken or cracked

12

ganglion cyst

condition in which one or more small benign tumors filled with a thick, colorless, gelatinous substance develop over a joint or tendon, usually on the wrist or back of hand; sometimes called a "Bible cyst"

13

gout

hereditary form of arthritis, characterized by uric acid accumulation in the joints, especially in the great toe

14

hallux rigidus

condition in which degenerative arthritis affects the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint at the base of the big toe, causing pain and stiffness

15

hallux valgus

condition in which the big toe is improperly aligned, pointing laterally toward the second toe and creating a large bump on the inner edge of the foot at the base of the big toe; commonly called "bunion"

16

hammertoe

condition in which the toe is bent downward at the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint

17

herniated disc

herniation of the soft center of an intervertebral disc

18

juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA)

disorder similar to adult-onset RA, with earlier onset and more severe symptoms

19

kyphosis

abnormal increase in the curvature of the thoracic vertebrae, causing hunchback

20

lordosis

abnormal increase in the curvature of the lumbar vertebrae, causing swayback

21

mallet toe

condition in which the toe is bent downward at the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint

22

medial tibial syndrome

painful condition involving tiny tears in the muscles and tendons that attach to the anterior tibia (shin); commonly called "shin splints"

23

meniscal tear

tear of one of the two C-shaped cartilage structures that serve to cushion and stabilize the knee joint, usually caused by twisting force

24

muscular dystrophy (MD)

hereditary, progressive terminal disease that causes muscle atrophy and death, usually by age 20

25

myasthenia gravis

autoimmune motor disorder that causes progressive muscle fatigue and weakness

26

osteitis deformans

chronic condition in which the process of bone destruction and regrowth occurs abnormally, causing weak, fragile, enlarged and misshapen bones; also called "Paget's disease"

27

osteoarthritis

condition of cartilage deterioration and joint inflammation marked by pain, stiffness, and decreased ROM, most commonly affecting synovial weight-bearing joints and vertebrae; also called "degenerative joint disease" (DJD)

28

osteomalacia

condition of softening and weakening of the bones; when it occurs in children, it is called "rickets"

29

osteomyelitis

acute or chronic infection within the bone, most commonly affecting the legs, arms, pelvis and spine

30

osteoporosis

condition characterized by loss of bone mass throughout the skeleton