Ch 23- Neurologic Flashcards Preview

Health Assessment > Ch 23- Neurologic > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 23- Neurologic Deck (23):
1

Cranial nerve VIII

Acoustic (Vestibulocochlear) nerve

Test hearing

Whispered test

2

Cranial nerve IX and X

Glossopharyngeal (pharynx)

Vagus Nerve (pharynx and larynx) talking and swallowing

3

Cranial nerve XI

Spinal accessory nerve

Equal size in sternomastoid and trapezius muscles

Head strength

4

Cranial nerve XII

Hypoglossal nerve

Movement of tongue

5

Rapid Alternating Movements (RAM)

Ask to pat knees with both hands, lift up, turn over and pat knees with back of hands

Rhythmic

6

Finger to finger test

Persons eyes open

He/she use index finger to touch your finger and then to his/her nose

7

Finger to nose test

Closed eyes

Ask person to touch their nose with index fingers and alternating increasing speed

8

Heal to shin test

Test lower extremity

Supine

Place heel on opposite knee and run down to shin from knee to ankle

9

Romberg test

Stand feet together and arms at sides

Close eyes and hold for 20 sec

Balance

10

Cranial nerve I

Olfactory

Smell

11

Cranial nerve II

Optic : vision

15 degrees

12

Cranial nerve III

Pupillary construction and accommodation

13

Cranial nerve IV

Trochlear

Down and inward movement of eye

14

Cranial nerve V

Trigeminal

Muscles of mastication

15

Cranial nerve VI

Abducens

Lateral movement of eye

16

Cranial nerve VII

Facial

Muscles,close eye, close mouth

17

Alzheimer's 10 warning signs

Memory loss

Losing track

Forgetting words

Getting lost

Poor judgment

Abstract failing

Losing things

Mood swings

Personality change

Growing passive

18

Flaccidity

Decrease muscle tone (hypotonia)

Lower motor neuron injury

Peripheral neuritis, poliomyelitis, Guillain-Barré syndrome

19

Spasticity

Increased tone (hypertonia)

Increased resistance

Upper motor neuron injury

Paralysis with stroke

20

Rigidity

Resistance

Dystonia

Injury to extrapyramidal motor tracts

Basal ganglia or Parkinsonism

21

Cogwheel rigidity

Tone is released during passive range of motion

Feels like small regular jerks

Parkinsonism

22

Rapid alternating finger test

Cerebellar function

Cerebellar disease or alcohol intoxication

23

Anosmia

Olfactory

Cranial nerve 1