Ch. 23 The United States And The Cold War Pt. 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 23 The United States And The Cold War Pt. 1 Deck (31):
1

Which of the following was not a key provision of the 1947 Taft-Hartley Act?
A. Workers cannot go on strike to support striking workers at other establishments.
B. Union membership cannot be made a condition of employment.
C. Unions cannot discriminate on the basis of race.
D. Avowed communists cannot serve as union officials.

C. Unions cannot discriminate on the basis of race.

2

In 1949, the containment policy suffered a major setback in the form of the
A. invasion of South Korea.
B. overthrow of the government of Greece.
C. “loss” of China to communism.
D. publication of NSC-68.

C. “loss” of China to communism.

3

Which was not a development of 1949?
A. The Soviet Union tested its first atomic bomb, and Mao Zedong emerged victorious in the long Chinese Civil War.
B. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was established.
C. Truman‘s Berlin airlift succeeded when Stalin lifted the blockade of West Berlin in May.
D. The Soviets formalized their own eastern European alliance, the Warsaw Pact.

D. The Soviets formalized their own eastern European alliance, the Warsaw Pact.

4

George Kennan was the originator of the ___________ policy.

containment

5

______ _______ was the originator of the containment policy.

George Kennan

6

Who was the person who sent the Long Telegram from Moscow in 1946 that lay the foundation for what became known as the policy of “containment”?

George F. Kennan

7

The June 1947 U.S. foreign-policy initiative that envisioned a New Deal for Europe, and pledged billions of dollars to finance European economic recovery was called the ________ _____.

Marshall Plan

8

_____ ________ and ______ __ _____ were outspoken critics of the domestic anticommunist crusade.

Paul Robeson
W. E. B. Du Bois

9

Paul Robeson and W. E. B. Du Bois were outspoken critics of the ________ ____________ crusade.

domestic anticommunist

10

"Containment,” in the context of post-World War II international diplomacy, referred to the policy by which the United States committed itself to
A. preventing any further expansion of Soviet power.
B. containing its power principally to domestic issues—a new form of isolationism.
C. containing the spread of disease, hunger, and extreme poverty.
D. containing the flow of illegal immigrants from Latin America.

A. preventing any further expansion of Soviet power.

11

In 1950, a serious challenge to the containment policy occurred with the
A. invasion of South Korea.
B. overthrow of the government of Greece.
C. “loss” of China to communism.
D. publication of NSC-68.

A. invasion of South Korea.

12

In the context of postwar Civil Rights, what major-league baseball player joined the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947 and by so doing challenged the longstanding exclusion of black players from major-league baseball?

Jackie Robinson

13

In June 1948, when the United States, Britain, and France introduced a separate currency in their zones of control in the city of Berlin, the Soviet Union responded with
A. the development of the Warsaw Pact.
B. the building of the Berlin wall.
C. the Berlin Blockade.
D. NATO.

C. the Berlin Blockade.

14

The young California congressman who first gained national prominence through his membership on the House Un-American Activities Committee was?

Richard Nixon.

15

Anticommunism was used by the U.S. leaders to
A. quash political dissidence.
B. limit organized labor.
C. impose social and sexual morality.
D. all of the above

D. all of the above

16

The first hot war of the Cold War, beginning in ______ _____, took place in ______.

June 1950
Korea

17

What was the 1947 law that sought to reverse gains made by organized labor in the preceding decade and authorized the president to suspend strikes by ordering an 80-day cooling-off period, banned sympathy strikes and secondary boycotts, outlawed the closed shop, and authorized states to pass “right–to-work” laws?
A. the Wagner Act
B. the White Act
C. the Taft-Hartley Act
D. the Fair Labor Standards Act

C. the Taft-Hartley Act

18

Which of the following was not a dramatic feature of the 1948 presidential election?
A. lively debate between supporters and critics of the Korean War
B. the “Dixiecrat” revolt of disaffected southern Democrats
C. the left-wing Progressive party campaign of ex-vice president Henry Wallace
D. the unexpected victory of President Truman over Republican challenger Thomas Dewey

A. lively debate between supporters and critics of the Korean War

19

The 1950 National Security Council manifesto that called for a permanent military build-up to enable the United States to pursue a global crusade against communism, describing the Cold War as an epic struggle between “the idea of freedom” and the “idea of slavery under the grim oligarchy of the Kremlin” was known as
A. NSC-68.
B. NATO.
C. the OSC.
D. the Marshall Plan.

A. NSC-68.

20

The 1948 United Nations-approved document that called for a range of rights to be enjoyed by people everywhere, including freedom of speech and religion and social and economic entitlements, including the right to an adequate standard of living and access to adequate housing, education, and medical care was called the
A. Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
B. Freedom House Manifesto.
C. Economic Bill Of Rights.
D. Fair Deal.

A. Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

21

Which is not true of the Korean War (1950–1953)?
A. Over 33,000 Americans died in Korea; an estimated 1 million Korean soldiers and 2 million civilians died, along with hundreds of thousands of Chinese troops.
B. General Douglas MacArthur launched a daring counterattack at Inchon, behind North Korean lines, in September 1950.
C. In 1953, armistice was agreed to, which restored the prewar status quo.
D. President Truman acknowledged and accepted General MacArthur’s push toward the Chinese border and his threat to use nuclear weapons against the Chinese.

D. President Truman acknowledged and accepted General MacArthur’s push toward the Chinese border and his threat to use nuclear weapons against the Chinese.

22

What were the contributing factors to the rise of the Cold War?

(1) Soviet resentment over American intervention in parts of Europe
(2) American resentment over Soviet intervention in parts of Europe
(3) anxiety in both the United States and the Soviet Union over the other’s nuclear capacity

23

What was the name of the AFL and CIO campaign to bring unionization to the South, by which more than 200 labor organizations entered the region in an effort to organize workers?
A. Operation Dixie
B. Operation Mongoose
C. Operation Organization
D. The Campaign to Victory

A. Operation Dixie

24

Which of the following series of events is listed in proper sequence?
A. George Kennan’s Long Telegram; unveiling of Truman Doctrine; start of Korean War; founding of Warsaw Pact
B. Joseph McCarthy’s Wheeling speech; Taft-Hartley Act; reelection of Truman; launching of Operation Dixie
C. Approval of NSC-68; Army-McCarthy hearings; Winston Churchill’s “iron curtain” speech; announcement of Marshall Plan
D. Dixiecrat revolt; signing of Jackie Robinson by Brooklyn Dodgers; HUAC investigation of Hollywood; trial of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

A. George Kennan’s Long Telegram; unveiling of Truman Doctrine; start of Korean War; founding of Warsaw Pact

25

The UN committee that drafted the ________ _________ ___ ______ ______ was led by Eleanor Roosevelt.

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

26

The UN committee that drafted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was led by _________ __________.

Eleanor Roosevelt

27

President Harry S. Truman’s program that focused on improving the social safety net and raising the standard of living of ordinary Americans—calling on Congress to increase the middle wage, enact a program of national health insurance, and expand public housing, social security, and aid to education—was called the
A. Square Deal.
B. Great Society.
C. Fair Deal.
D. New Frontier.

C. Fair Deal.

28

What were the steps toward racial equality in postwar America?

(1) the signing of Jackie Robinson to the Brooklyn Dodgers
(2) the desegregation of the armed forces
(3) the release of the Commission on Civil Rights report, To Secure These Rights

29

The “________” presidential ticket of 1948 was led by Strom Thurmond.

"Dixiecrat"

30

The “Dixiecrat” presidential ticket of 1948 was led by _______ __________.

Strom Thurmond

31

How did the Truman administration respond to the Soviet blockade of West Berlin?

leading efforts to break the blockade by airlifting supplies to the city.