Flashcards in Ch. 3 Deck (24)
Who did the treaty of Versailles hold responsible for the war?
How was Austria-Hungary unstable?
It was a mix of too many different places. A rebellion could have made the whole thing fall apart.
What was the Triple Alliance?
Germany, Austria, and Italy
What was the Triple Entente?
France, Russia, and Britain.
What had been the original purpose of the alliance system?
How did the British make the war a moral cause?
They said it was to protect neutrality in Belgium
What was nationalism?
Protecting national self-preservation
How did European nations encourage military service?
Kind of like propoganda, schools and newspapers glorified it. They still had a draft though, excluding Britain.
What was militarism?
The policy of expanding militaries in european nations. Almost all leaders never appeared out of uniform.
Why was the military coveted in European nations?
They had been taught that the military was a lesson on the nation's toughness
When did the war begin?
When did the war become a world war?
When whole continents were put up against one another and the USA got involved.
What issue did Germany encounter, and what did it lead to?
They ended up fighting a 2-front war, and it led to a stalemate where lives were lost but there were no advaces
Why did America become concerned with the war?
The sinking of the lusitania, which had Americans on board
How was the war fought on the "home front?"
They needed to harness the power of every individual, wether or not they were actively serving in the military
What did the war see the rise of?
Prime Ministers to lead countries
How did the war lead to Economic strain?
Countries printed more money, leading to inflation, then they over-expanded their budgets for the war effort.
What did the inflation and decreased standards of living give rise to?
Hatred/vengeance campaigns lead by Hitler and Mussolini.
What led to cynicism after the war?
The Russians published treaties that proved that neither side's intentions were pure
What plan did Wilson have for peace?
The 14 point plan which included a league of nations that would restore things to 1914 conditions
What ended up happening with the peace?
The Treaty of Versailles which was not supported much my anyone.
What did France feel in the peace talks?
They felt that they were victimized by Germany and Clemenceau was trying to get the best for France, though he needed British and American support
What did the peacemakers end up aiming to do?
Ignore Wilson and weaken Germany