Flashcards in Ch. 3 Community-Based Nursing Practice Deck (17):
Community-based care focuses on?
Health promotion, Disease prevention, Restorative care.
Care takes place in community settings such as a home or clinic, where nurses focus on the needs of an individual or family. It involves acute and chronic care of individuals and families and enhances their capacity for self-care while promoting autonomy in decision making.
Challenges in community based health care?
Political policy, the Affordable Care Act, social determinants of health, increases in health disparities, and economics.
Goals of Healthy People 2020
To increase life expectancy and quality of life and eliminate health disparities through improved delivery of health care services.
Social determinants of health factors?
Biological, socioeconomic, psychosocial, behavioral, or social.
Public health nursing
Focus on understanding the needs of a population or a collection of individuals who have one or more personal or environmental characteristics in common.
preventable differences in the burden of disease, injury, violence, opportunities to achieve optimal health that are experienced by socially disadvantaged populations.
Community health nursing
practice in the community, with the primary focus on the health care of individuals, families, and groups within community. The community health nurse provides direct care services to subpopulations within a community.
1) immigrant population
2) poverty and homelessness
3) patients who are abused
4) patients with mental illness
5) older adults
Together with the family you develop a caring partnership to recognize actual and potential needs and identify community resources.
The ability to establish an appropriate plan of care based on assessments on patients and families and to coordinate needed resources and services for the patient's well being.
Acts to empower individuals and their families to creatively solve problem or become instrumental in creating change within a health care agency.
Often is the one who presents the patients point of view to obtain appropriate resources.
Mutual trust and respect for each professionals, abilities, contributions, clarify roles, and developing a plan of care.
Assists patients in identifying and clarifying health problems and in choosing appropriate courses of action.
Establish relationships with community services org. and assesses patients learning needs and readiness to learn within the context of individual, the systems with which the individual interacts and the resources available for support.