Ch. 4: Vocab + Grammar Flashcards Preview

Basics of Biblical Hebrew > Ch. 4: Vocab + Grammar > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 4: Vocab + Grammar Deck (29)
1

אֳדֹנָי +
אָדוֹן

Lord; אָדוֹן lord, master

2

אָח
אַחִים (irregular plural)

brother

3

אִישׁ
אֲנָשִׁים (irregular plural)

man, husband

4

אִשָּׁה
נָשִׁים (irregular plural)

woman, wife

5

בַּת
בָּנוֹת (irregular plural)

daughter

6

גּוֹי

nation, people

7

דֶּ֫רֶך͏

way, road, journey; masculine/feminine

8

הַר
הָרִים (plural)

mountain, hill, hill country

9

כֹּהֵן

priest

10

לֵב
לֵבָב (alternate form)

heart, mind, will

11

מַ֫יִם

water

12

נֶ֫פֶשׁ

soul, life, person, neck, throat; feminine

13

נָבִיא

prophet

14

סֵ֫פֶר

book, scroll, document

15

עַ֫יִן
עֵינַ֫יִם (dual)

eye, spring; feminine

16

עִיר
עָרִים (irregular plural)

city, town; feminine

17

צָבָא
צְבָאוֹת (plural)

host, army, war, service

18

קוֹל

voice, sound, noise

19

רֹאשׁ

head, top, chief

20

תּוֹרָה

law, instruction, teaching, custom

21

Masculine singular noun ending(s)?

endingless

22

Masculine plural noun ending(s)?

ים.

23

Masculine dual noun ending(s)?

("ayi" diphthong)

24

Feminine singular noun ending(s)?

Most common is the qamets he, but others include: pathach taw / seghol taw / hireq yod taw / shureq taw

25

Feminine plural noun ending(s)?

Holem-waw taw

26

Feminine dual noun ending(s)?

תַ֫יִם+(qamets)

27

What is propetonic reduction?

Alteration of vowels on nouns with the addition of plural endings by changing the vowel in the first syllable from qamets to shewa.

--> Two syllables; accent on second, qamets or tsere in first; changes first vowel to shewa.

28

What is segholate pluralization?

Alteration of vowels on two syllable nouns with accent on first syllable and the addition of plural endings by changing vowel pattern to (1) shewa and (2) qamets - always.

--> Two syllables; accent on first; takes shewa - qamets.

29

What is irregular pluralization?

Alteration of consonental stem with the addition of plural endings - e.g. from אִישׁ to אֲנָשִׁים