Ch. 6: Vocab + Grammar Flashcards Preview

Basics of Biblical Hebrew > Ch. 6: Vocab + Grammar > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 6: Vocab + Grammar Deck (27)
1

אַחַר
(also as אַחֲרֵי)

after, behind

2

אֵת (x2)
(also as אֶת־)

with, beside; ALSO definite direct object marker (DDOM), not translated

3

אֶל
(also as אֶל־)

to, toward, in, into

4

בֵּין

between; וּבֵין with the conjunction וְ

5

בְּ

in, at, with, by, against

6

בְּתוֹךְ
(also תָּ֫וֶךְ)

in the midst (middle) of, inside; (n) תָּ֫וֶךְ middle, center

7

חָכְמָה

wisdom, skill; note that the vowel under the ח is a qamets hatuf.

8

כְּ

as, like, according to

9

כֹּל
(also as כָּל־)

all, each, every

10

לִפְנֵי

before, in front of

11

לְ

to, toward, for

12

לְמַ֫עַן

on account of, for the sake of

13

מִן
(also as מִן־)

from, out of

14

מַ֫עַל
{often with [min] (מִמַּ֫עַל)}

above, upward, on top of

15

מִצְוָה

מִצְוֹת (irregular plural)

commandment

16

עַד

until, as far as, during

17

עַל

on, upon, on account of, according to

18

עַל־דְּבַר

because of, on account of

19

עִם

with, together with

20

פֶּה

mouth, opening

21

שָׂדֶה

field, pasture land

22

תַּ֫חַת

under, below, instead of

23

What are the three (3) types of prepositions in Hebrew?

1. Independent / Stand Alone

2. Maqqef

3. Inseparable

24

What are the three (3) inseparable prepositions?

בְּ ,לְ ,כְּ

25

What are the four (4) need-to-know's for inseparable prepositions?

1. Before most consonants, inseparable preps appear w/ Vocal Shewa.

2. Before reduced or Hateph vowel, insep preps are spelled w/ corresponding short vowel of Hateph vowel (as in rule for conjunction וְ).

3. Before consonants w/ Vocal Shewa, insep preps are spelled with Hireq [b/c of Rule of Shewa (4.12.1 -p.38)].

4. In nouns w/ def. art., vowel and dag.forte of def. art. are retained but consonant of prep replaces ה of the def. art.

26

What happens when מִן is inseparable prep, in general and with gutturals?

In general:
The נ assimilates into the following consonant and appears as a Dag.Forte.

With gutturals:
The Dag.Forte is rejected by gutturals, resulting in either compensatory lengthening or virtual doubling.

27

What are the three (3) special uses of the preposition מִן (from)?

1. Comparative use (e.g. "better than"; "too...for")

2. Superlative use (in the formation מִכֹּל, lit. "from every")

3. Partitive use (e.g. "some of")