Flashcards in Ch 4: Vowels Deck (19)
Phonemes that are produced without any appreciable constriction or blockage of air flow in the vocal tract.
The primary articulator in the production of vowels.
Refers to how high in the oral cavity the tongue is when producing a particular vowel.
Refers to how far forward (or backward) in the mouth the tongue is when producing a particular vowel.
A two dimensional figure that demonstrates the points of production in the oral cavity of various vowels.
The lips can be either rounded or unrounded when producing certain vowels.
Usually longer in duration and require more muscular effort than lax vowels. Tense vowels are capable of ending stressed open syllables.
Require less muscular effort compared to tense vowels. Lax vowels never end an open syllable.
A vowel that has one primary articulatory position in the vocal tract during production.
A vowel sound that has two distinct articulatory positions in the vocal tract during production.
The first element of a diphthong
The second element of a diphthong.
When the phonemic environment of a word or sound causes the sound to resonate in the nasal cavity.
Deals with the vibratory properties of any vibrating body.
The perceptual character of a sound based on its acoustic resonance patterns.
The number of cycles a vibrating body completes in one second.
Refers to the amplitude (magnitude) of energy associated with a particular sound.
Inversely related to tongue height.