Ch 4: Vowels Flashcards Preview

CD 208 Clinical Application of Phonetics > Ch 4: Vowels > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 4: Vowels Deck (19)
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Vowel

Phonemes that are produced without any appreciable constriction or blockage of air flow in the vocal tract.

1

The Tongue

The primary articulator in the production of vowels.

2

Tongue Height

Refers to how high in the oral cavity the tongue is when producing a particular vowel.

3

Tongue Advancement

Refers to how far forward (or backward) in the mouth the tongue is when producing a particular vowel.

4

Vowel Quadrilateral

A two dimensional figure that demonstrates the points of production in the oral cavity of various vowels.

5

Lip rounding

The lips can be either rounded or unrounded when producing certain vowels.

6

Tense Vowels

Usually longer in duration and require more muscular effort than lax vowels. Tense vowels are capable of ending stressed open syllables.

7

Lax Vowels

Require less muscular effort compared to tense vowels. Lax vowels never end an open syllable.

8

Monophthongs

A vowel that has one primary articulatory position in the vocal tract during production.

9

Diphthong

A vowel sound that has two distinct articulatory positions in the vocal tract during production.

10

Onglide

The first element of a diphthong

11

Offglide

The second element of a diphthong.

12

Nasalization

When the phonemic environment of a word or sound causes the sound to resonate in the nasal cavity.

13

Resonance

Deals with the vibratory properties of any vibrating body.

14

Quality (Timbre)

The perceptual character of a sound based on its acoustic resonance patterns.

15

Frequency (Pitch)

The number of cycles a vibrating body completes in one second.

16

Intensity (Loudness)

Refers to the amplitude (magnitude) of energy associated with a particular sound.

17

Formant 1

Inversely related to tongue height.

18

Formant 2

Directly related to tongue advancement.