Ch 1: Phonetics: A "Sound" Science Flashcards Preview

CD 208 Clinical Application of Phonetics > Ch 1: Phonetics: A "Sound" Science > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 1: Phonetics: A "Sound" Science Deck (11)
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Phonetics

The study of the production and perception of speech sounds.

1

Historical Phonetics

The study of sound changes in words.

2

Physiological Phonetics

The study of the function of the individual speech organs during the process of speaking.

3

Acoustic Phonetics

Focuses on the differences in the frequency, intensity, and duration of the various consonants and vowels.

4

Perceptual Phonetics

The study of a listener's psychoacoustic response (perception) of speech sounds in terms of loudness, pitch, perceived length, and quality.

5

Experimental Phonetics

Entails the laboratory study of physiological, acoustic, and perceptual phonetics.

6

Clinical Phonetics

The study and transcription of speech sound disorders.

7

Phonology

The systematic organization of speech sounds in the production of language.

8

The Differences of Phonetics and Phonology

Phonetics focuses on the study of speech sounds, their acoustic and perceptual characteristics, and how they are produced by the speech organs. Phonology focuses on the linguistic (phonological) rules that are organized and combined into meaningful units, which are then combined to form syllables, words, and sentences.

9

International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)

This alphabet is different from most alphabets because it is designed to represent the sounds of words, not their spellings.

10

Dialect

A variation of language based on geographical area as well as social and ethnic group membership. Dialect not only involves pronunciation of words, but also grammar (syntax) and vocabulary usage.