Flashcards in Ch. 4.4 Deck (23):
The amount of force per unit area on a given material.
The process by which the shape of a rock changes because of stress.
The type of stress that occurs when an object is squeezed.
The type of stress that occurs when forces act to stretch an object.
The bending of rock layers due to stress.
An upward-arching fold.
Downward, troughlike folds.
A horizontal fold.
The blocks of crust on each side of the fault.
A side of a fault.
A break in a body of rock along which one block slides relative to another.
Another side of a fault.
A fault where the hanging wall moves down relative to the footwall.
A fault where the hanging wall moves up relative to the footwall.
A fault that forms when opposing forces cause rock to break and move horizontally.
A type of mountain that forms when rock layers are squeezed together and pushed upward.
A type of mountain that forms when tension causes large blocks of the Earth's crust to drop down relative to other blocks.
A type of mountain that forms when magma rises to the Earth's surface and erupts.
A spot in the Pacific Ocean with many active volcanoes.
Ring of Fire
The rising of regions of the Earth's crust to higher elevations.
The sinking of regions of the Earth's crust to lower elevations.
A way areas of the Earth rise without deformation.