Ch. 5.1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 5.1 Deck (15):
1

The study of earthquakes.

Seismology

2

The bending, tilting, and breaking of the Earth's crust; the change in shape of rock in response to stress.

Deformation

3

The sudden return of elastically deformed rock to its undeformed shape.

Elastic Rebound

4

The branch of science, which is Earth science, that is devoted to studying earthquakes.

Seismology

5

The scientists who study earthquakes.

Seismologists

6

The giant pieces of Earth's thin, outermost layers.

Tectonic Plates

7

It can permanently damage a rock from stress or strain, and leaves it deformed.

Plastic Deformation

8

Waves in an earthquake that move from side to side and can't move through liquids.

S Waves

9

Waves in an earthquake that move back and forth and are the first to arrive in an earthquake.

P Waves

10

A motion where two tectonic plates move past each other.

Transform Motion

11

A motion where two tectonic plates move away from each other.

Divergent Motion

12

A motion where two tectonic plates collide.

Convergent Motion

13

A type of wave that travels along the Earth's surface.

Surface Wave

14

A type of wave that travels through the Earth's interior.

Body Wave

15

It allows the rock to return to its original state without any damage from stress or strain that's put on the rock.

Elastic Deformation