What are the responsibilities of the Lead vehicle Driver?
- Continually assess (TENR)
- Lights & siren activated
- Direct officer to undertake comms (where 2 up)
- Advise Comms: location, direction, description, reason
- Acknowledge purcuit warning from comms
- Regular comms
- Comply with Pursuit Controller
What tactical options are available during a vehicle pursuit?
- Aerial surveillance
- Dog unit
- Inquiry phase
- Moving Block
- Tyre deflation devices
- Temporary Road closure
When can tyre deflation devices be used?
- When approved by the pursuit controller
- On heavy vehicles when approved by the shift commander
- In accordance with policy by trained staff but not on motorcycles.
What is the purpose of the Fleeing Driver Policy
- Safety is prioritied
- Possible risk in minimised
What is the overarching principle in regards to fleeing drivers?
Public and police safety takes precedence over the immediate apprehension of fleeing driver.
What are the key points to managing a pursuit?
- Decision to commence/continue/abandon continually assessed (TENR)
- Safety takes precedence over apprehension
- Resolve quickly & safely
- Least force as possible
- Inquiry phase preferred, abandon decision will be supported
What is the abandonment procedure for the pursuiing patrol?
- Acknowledge direction to abandon or advise Comms that pursuit is being abandoned
- Reduce speed
- Increase distance
- Deactivate warning lights
- Stop when safe
- Confirm with Comms you are stationary inquiry phase or tactical option
What powers exist to stop a vehicle?
- s.114 LTA1998: For traftic enforcement purposes
- s.9 SSA 2012: Persons at large/imprisonable offence
- s.121 SSA 2012 Without warrant with grounds to search * with warrant and it is in force
Police constabulary passenger responsibilities
- Radio Comms if in lead vehicle
- Advise lead driver of risks/other considerations
- May direct lead driver to abandon
- Pursuit controller must be notified when safe
- Reason for abandonment
Secondary vehicle responsibilities
- Follows behind the lead vehicle at a safe distance, to provide support and tactical options as required.
- Takes over the pursuit commentary, if the lead vehicle is single-crewed.
- May direct abandon
- notify the Pursuit Controller, when safe to do so,
- including the reason for abandonment.
Other Police vehicles in vicinity or responding as a requested tactical option
- Must not actively participate - unless preparing tactical options, undertaking a temporary road closure, collecting intelligence or are responding to a Pursuit Controller direction that could assist in safely stopping the fleeing driver.
- Notify location, tactical option and seek permission as appropriate, when safe to do so, if self-initiating a tactical option
- Must cease all non-essential radio communication.
- Must not follow unless directed or approved to do so
- Must comply with the ‘Urgent Duty Driving’ chapter and any direction from the Pursuit Controller.
Permanently abandon the fleeing driver pursuit. No further attempt to signal the vehicle to stop will be made unless the Pursuit Controller gives prior approval
Nominated by the District Commander to review pursuits in their district
The field supervisor with line control of either the lead or secondary vehicle driver
A driver who has been signalled to stop by a constable but fails to do so.
Police constabulary passenger
A constable who is a passenger in the lead or secondary vehicle.
The first vehicle pursuing the fleeing driver
Lead vehicle driver
The driver of the lead Police vehicle pursuing the fleeing driver. This will usually be the driver of the Police vehicle that has initiated the fleeing driver pursuit, or the driver of a vehicle that has replaced the initial pursuit vehicle at the direction of the Pursuit Controller.
- The shift commander at Police Communications (field supervisor or person to whom command is transferred from Police Communications)
- If a Police Comms shift commander unavailable, a constabulary team leader
- In exceptional circumstances, this may be a Police employee who is not a constable.
- if non constabulary member or command is passed to a Field supervisor, this must be identified in the weekly Comms report
- Note: Police Communications retain overall operational oversight and organisational risk management even though command may have been passed to a field supervisor. Police Communications may retake command.
The second Police vehicle in the fleeing driver pursuit that follows the lead vehicle
Signalling a driver to stop
- Police vehicle drives up behind the vehicle/driver concerned and signals the driver to stop
- using flashing red and blue lights and
- a siren.
- An officer in uniform may also signal a vehicle to stop.
Tacticle vehicle (s)
Any Police vehicle or officer not actively pursuing the fleeing driver but seeking authorisation from the pursuit controller to conduct approved tactical options
Motorcyclists often flee at high speeds, undertaking high risk driving behaviours, which place increased risks on all involved. Any decision to pursue a motorcyclist must balance the severity of the offending against the current risks in accordance with TENR
Who has responsibility to abandon a pursuit
- Lead or secondary vehicle drivers or passengers
- Field supervisor
- Pursuit controller
The steps once direction to abandon
- Acknowledge direction to abandon or advise the Pursuit Controller that the pursuit has been abandoned
- Immediately reduce speed
- Deactivate warning devices once below the posted speed limit
- Stop as soon as it is safe to do so. If stopping in an area such as a motorway, safety may necessitate that the warning lights remain activated until the vehicle is mobile again.
- Confirm to the Pursuit Controller they are stationary and state their specific location
- Undertake an inquiry phase or tactical options as directed
An inquiry phase may consist of, but not limited to, the following actions:
- Aircraft monitors the fleeing driver to allow inquiry phase to be initiated
- registered vehicle address inquiry
- speed camera photographs
- unlawfully taken vehicle inquiries
- reported petrol drive-offs
- CCTV footage area inquiries
- section 118 Land Transport Act 1998 letter to registered owner
- 28 day impoundment under section 96 (1AB) Land Transport Act 1998.
Can an officer signal a vehicle to stop that has been involved in a fleeing driver event?
Only with the approval of the pursuit controller