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Medical Terminology > Ch 7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 7 Deck (87):
0

Arteriole

Small artery

1

Cortex

Outer region of an organ

2

Creatinine

Nitrogenous waste excreted in urine.

3

Active form of vitamin D,secreted by the kidney

Calciferol

4

Cup-like collecting region of the Renal pelvis.

Calyx or calix

5

Tube for injecting or removing fluids

Catheter

6

Chemical element that carries an electrical charge when dissolved in water. Necessary for functioning of the muscles and nerves.

Electrolyte

7

Hormone secreted by the kidney to stimulate the production of red blood cells by bone marrow.

Erythropoietin (EPO)

8

Process whereby some substances, but not all, pass through a filter

Filtration

9

Enclosing structure surrounding each glomerulus.

Glomerular capsule

10

Tiny ball of capillaries in the kidney

Glomerulus

11

Depression in an organ where blood vessels and nerves enter and leave.

Hilum

12

One of two bean shaped organs on either side of the backbone in the lumbar region; it filters nitrogenous wares from the bloodstream to form urine.

Kidney

13

Opening or canal

Meatus

14

Inner region of an organ

Medulla

15

Combination or glomerulus and renal tubule where filtration, reabsorption, and secretion take place in the kidney.

Nephron

16

Substance containing nitrogen and excreted in urine

Nitrogenous waste

17

Electrolyte regulated by the kidney so that a proper concentration is maintained within the blood.

Potassium

18

Process whereby renal tubules return materials necessary to the body back into the bloodstream.

Reabsorption

19

Renal artery

Blood vessel that carries blood to the kidney.

20

Renal pelvis

Central collecting region in the kidney.

21

Microscopic tube in the kidney where urine is formed after filtration

Renal tubule

22

Blood vessel that carries blood away from the kidney and toward the heart.

Renal vein

23

Hormone secreted by the kidney; it raises blood pressure by influencing vasoconstriction (narrowing of blood vessels.

Renin

24

Electrolyte regulated in the blood and urine by the kidneys; needed for proper transmission of nerve impulses,heart activity and other metabolic functions

Sodium

25

Triangular area in the urinary bladder

Trigone

26

Major nitrogenous waste excreted in urine

Urea

27

One of the two tubes leading from the kidneys to the urinary bladder

Ureter

28

Tube leading from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body

Urethra

29

Nitrogenous waste excreted in the urine

Utica acid

30

Hollow, muscular sac that holds and stores urine

Urinary bladder

31

Process of expelling urine also called micturition

Urination (voiding)

32

Cali/o, calic/o

Calyx

33

Cyst/o

Urinary bladder

34

Glomerul/o

Glomerulus

35

Meat/o

Meatus

36

Nephr/o

Kidney

37

Pyel/o

Renal pelvis

38

Ren/o

Kidney

39

Trigon/o

Trigone (region of the bladder)

40

Ureter/o

Ureter

41

Urethr/o

Urethra

42

Vesic/o

Urinary bladder

43

Albumin/o

Albumin (a protein in the blood)

44

Azot/o

Nitrogen

45

Bacteri/o

Bacteria

46

Dips/o

Thirst

47

Kal/o

Potassium

48

Ket/o, keton/o

Ketone bodies (keep acids and acetone)

49

Lith/o

Stone

50

Natr/o

Sodium

51

Noct/o

Night

52

Olig/o

Scanty

53

-poietin

Substance that forms.

54

Py/o

Pus

55

-tripsy

Crushing

56

Ur/o

Urine (urea)

57

Urin/o

Urine

58

-uria

Urination; urine condition

59

Process of separating nitrogenous waste materials from the blood

Dialysis

60

ADH

Antidiuretic hormone- vasopressin

61

AKI

Acute renal injury

62

BUN

Blood urea nitrogen

63

CAPD

Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis

64

CKD

Chronic kidney disease

65

CL

Chloride

66

CrCl

Creatinine clearance

67

CRF

Chronic renal failure

68

C&S

Culture and sensitivity testing

69

Cysto

Cystoscopic examination

70

eGFR

Estimated glomerular filtration rate

71

ESWL

Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy

72

HCO 3

Bicarbonate

73

HD

Hemodialysis

74

IC

Interstitial cystitis

75

IVP

Intravenous pyelogram

76

K

Potassium

77

KUB

Kidney, ureter, and bladder

78

PS

Peritoneal dialysis

79

pH

Potential hydrogen

80

PKD

Polycystic kidney disease

81

PUL

Percutaneous ultrasound lithotripsy

82

RP

Retrograde pyelography

83

so gr

Specific gravity

84

UA

Urinalysis

85

UTI

Urinary tract infection

86

VCUG

Voiding cystourethrogram