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Flashcards in ch 9 stratification Deck (30):
1

most extreme form individuals are owned by other people and treated as property

slavery
part of three systems of stratification

2

systems of stratification are hereditary systems of rank, usually religiously dictated that tend to be fixed and immobile (born into it)

caste
part of three systems of stratification

3

social ranking based primarily on economic position

social classes
part of three systems of stratification

4

focused on conflicts among social classes

Marx's concept of class

5

differences between classes are based on economics and property (all about material)

Marx's concept of class

6

historically based concept -- not one answer to the question of social class

Marx's concept of class

7

some societies in history have many classes, but modern society only has two

Marx's concept of class

8

class defined by means of production -- everything that produces wealth (land, machinery, factories, tools, investments) EXCEPT LABOR

Marx's two class society

9

whether or not you control the means of production determines your class

Marx's two class society

10

own the means of production

bourgeoisie

11

workers, laborers, who don't own property

proletariat

12

Marx's said these people are nothing more than "better paid slaves"

middle class

13

lower class will not unite to resist those in power until they become aware of...

-their common interest ("we are all in this together")
-their common enemy (bourgeoisie)

14

1-2% of U.S. wealthiest

upper class

15

10-15% of U.S. wealthy professionals

upper middle class

16

30-35% less affluent professionals, or uneducated but upwardly mobile (send kids to college)

lower middle class

17

40-45% manual labor or blue collar

working class

18

20-25% of U.S. minority ethnic groups, single parents who can't find work

lower class

19

no single characteristic totally defines one's position in the system

Weber's View of Stratification

20

-property (Weber's term "class")
-prestige ("status")
-power ("party")

Three Components of Stratification

21

predicts that people whose status is inconsistent (higher in one dimension than another) will be more frustrated & dissatisfied

status inconsistency

22

-people must have political structure
-political structure requires inequality of power
-those with power will exploit others to gain advantage

Is inequality inevitable?
Mosca: yes

23

-functionalist theory of stratification: inequality has a function
-society must give more reward to the most important positions/roles to ensure supply
-inequality must exist to fill key jobs (key is replacability

Is inequality inevitable?
Davis and Moore: yes

24

-workers revolt and overthrow owners
-start over with no classes

Is inequality inevitable?
Marx: no

25

upward and downward movement within a stratification system

social mobility

26

____ ____ depends on:
-rules governing how we keep our position
-achieved status rules=based on merit
-ascribed status rules=based on who you are (family background, gender, POB, etc)
-structural changes

social mobility

27

movement between classes due to changes in the number of upper and lower class positions

structural mobility

28

cultural advances in technology may open up high paying tech jobs

structural mobility

29

movement between classes due to positions opening at the top from downward mobility

exchange mobility

30

someone at the top is fired

exchange mobility