Flashcards in Ch.2 Leadership & Managment Deck (193)
Nurse Practice Acts
Laws that control and regulate nursing practice in each state. To protect public from harm.
Which state has there own nurse practice acts?
All of them.
What is the main goal of the nurse practice acts?
To protect the public.
What do each of the states mandatory practice acts generally agree on?
Only licensed professionals can practice nursing.
Where do laws affecting regulation of nursing vary?
From state to state.
The nurse practice acts govern the nurses responsibility determining what with the staff?
Each state sets its own what when it comes to nursing?
Educational and examination requirements.
How are assignments by the nurse usally tested on the NCLEX?
Usually determining what can be delegated to who.
What should you take into consideration when assigning tasks?
The skill level should be appropriate to the skill being delatored.
Ex. Lpn could be delegated placing a catheter but not a cna.
Who does the nurse supervise?
Care provided by unlicensed assisted personnel. UAP
What kind of procedures must be delegated to or supervised by an RN?
Invasive procedures or sterile procedures.
Documenting client care is consider what?
A legal task.
Define unintentional torts?
An act involving injury or damage to another (except beech of contract) resulting in a civil liberty. ( the victim can sue.)
Performing an act that a reasonable and prudent person would not.
How do you measure negligence?
Would a reasonable nurse act in the same manner under the same circumstances.
Negligence by professional personelle that results in injury.
Example of malpractice?
Professional misconduct or unreasonable lack of skill in carrying out professional duties.
When could negligence occur?
Unreasonable lack of skill and preforming it anyway.
What are the four elements necessary to prove malpractice?
Breach of duty
When can malpractice not be proven?
If one of the four elements can’t be proven.
Obligation to do what a reasonable nurse would do; failure to protect others from foreseeable risk.
What do we mean that a nurse has to anticipate foreseeable risk?
If a floor is wet the nurse must anticipate a clients fall.
Breech of duty
Failure to perform according to the established standard of conduct.
Failure to meet standard of care which causes actual injury or damage. (Physical injury).
What kind of injury is not enough to prove malpractice?
Emotional or mental injury is enough to prove malpractice.
A connect exist between conduct and the resulting injury.
How do hospitals provide a guide for nursing actions?
Policies ; not laws, but courts generally rule agianst nurses who have violated the employers policies.
When can hospitals be held liable?
Poorly formulated or poorly implementation.
How can nurses avoid negligence and malpractice?
By following their organizations policies and procedures.