Ch.3 Advanced Clinical Concepts Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch.3 Advanced Clinical Concepts Deck (19)
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1

ARDS

Acute respiratory distress syndrome

2

What is ARDS ?

Progressive respiratory disorder that leads to acute respiratory failure.

3

What does ARDS cause in the body?

What will this do to the lungs?

Exchange of oxegen in the body of o2 for carbon dioxide co2 in the lungs that limits o2 intake and the co2 production in the body’s cells.

Fluid build up in the alveolar membranes interferes with co2 and o2 capillary exchange.

4

Client may need what if the have ARDS?

Usually they have something else wrong with them, or what the have wrong leads to ARDS.

5

Usally when will a client develope ARDS?

Usually their first illness involves mechanical ventilation and they get ARDS.

6

Why might ARDS intially be missed?

The sighns you have ARDS are nonspecific ; could be something else.

7

Dyspnea

Difficulty or labored breathing.

8

What sighns should you always assume someone has ARDS?

Dyspnea and decreased arterial o2 saturation. The need for more oxegen.

9

What are some symptoms of ARDS?

Crackles only lungs
Tachypnea
Tachycardia

Develops to

Respiratory distress
Acute confusion
Cyanosis
Diaphoresis

10

Tachypnea

Rapid shallow breathing

11

Tachycardia

Rapid heart beat

12

Cyanosis

Blueness

13

Diaphresus

Sweating

14

What are some direct causes of ARDS?

Pneumonia
Aspiration of stomach contents
Near drowning
Lung bruising from trama
Smoke inhalation

15

Indirect causes of ARDS

Inflamed pancreas
Medication reaction/overdose
Sepsis
Blood transfusions

16

What are some risk factors of ARDS

Smoking
Alcohol abuse
Recent chemotherapy
Oxegen use for previous lung conditions
Recent high risk surgery
Obesity
Decreased protein in blood

17

What are the complications of ARDS?

Acid-base imbalance in ARDS

18

What are the two kinds of acid-base imbalance is in arts

Respiratory and metabolic

19

What are signs and symptoms of ARDS?

Hypoxemia that persists even when 100% O2 is given.

Decreased pulmonary compliance

Dyspnea

Bilateral pulmonary edema

Dance pulmonary infiltrates on radiography.