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Flashcards in CH.3 Deck (23):
1

Proprietorship

The Carolina and Jersey grantees, the Duke of York, and William Penn owned all land in their new colonies and could rule them as they wished, provided that their laws conformed broadly to those in England

2

Quakers

Condemned extravagance

3

Navigation Acts

Required that goods be carried on ships owned by English or colonial merchants

4

Dominion of New England

Lords of Trade revoked the charters of Connecticut and Rhode Island and merged them with Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth to form a new royal providence

5

Glorious Revolution

William led a quick and bloodless coup and overthrow King James II

6

Constitutional Monarchy

Overseas, they promoted an empire based on commerce (William and Mary)

7

Second Hundred Years' War

Lasted until the defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo in 1815

8

Tribalization

the adaptation of stateless peoples to the demands imposed on them by neighboring states

9

Covenant Chain

Iroquois alliance with New York

10

South Atlantic System

Produced sugar, tobacco, ride, and other tropical and subtropical products for an international market

11

Middle Passage

Endured through it to the New World in overcrowded ships.

12

Stono Rebellion

Largest slave uprising in the mainland colonies (South Carolina)

13

Gentility

A refined but elaborate lifestyle

14

Salutary Neglect

By-product of the political system developed by Sir Robert Walpole. Avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentary laws meant to keep American colonies obedient to England.

15

Patronage

The practice of giving offices and salaries to political allies

16

Land Banks

Lent paper money to farmers who pledged their land as collateral for the loans

17

William Penn

Charles II bestowed Pennsylvania on him as payment for a large debt owed to Penn's father. Designated Pennsylvania as a refuge for his fellow Quakers. Arranged treaties with Indians, his frame government ensured religious freedom by prohibiting a legally established church.

18

Edmund Andros

Jame II appointed him as governor of the Dominion, was ordered to abolish existing legislative assemblies

19

William of Orange

Married to James's daughter, Whig party invited him to be the head of the invading army, he led the glorious revolution.

20

John Locke

Rejected the divine-right monarchy, argued that individuals have inalienable natural rights to life, liberty, and property.

21

Jacob Leisler

Led rebellion against the Dominion of New England, was later indicted for treason, hanged, and decapitated

22

William Byrd II

Sent him to school in England and he was shunned, calling him a "colonial."

23

Robert Walpole

Developed salutary neglect, Whig leader in house of commons, undermined the legitimacy of the political system, was accused of being corrupt.