Flashcards in CH.3 Deck (23):
The Carolina and Jersey grantees, the Duke of York, and William Penn owned all land in their new colonies and could rule them as they wished, provided that their laws conformed broadly to those in England
Required that goods be carried on ships owned by English or colonial merchants
Dominion of New England
Lords of Trade revoked the charters of Connecticut and Rhode Island and merged them with Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth to form a new royal providence
William led a quick and bloodless coup and overthrow King James II
Overseas, they promoted an empire based on commerce (William and Mary)
Second Hundred Years' War
Lasted until the defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo in 1815
the adaptation of stateless peoples to the demands imposed on them by neighboring states
Iroquois alliance with New York
South Atlantic System
Produced sugar, tobacco, ride, and other tropical and subtropical products for an international market
Endured through it to the New World in overcrowded ships.
Largest slave uprising in the mainland colonies (South Carolina)
A refined but elaborate lifestyle
By-product of the political system developed by Sir Robert Walpole. Avoiding strict enforcement of parliamentary laws meant to keep American colonies obedient to England.
The practice of giving offices and salaries to political allies
Lent paper money to farmers who pledged their land as collateral for the loans
Charles II bestowed Pennsylvania on him as payment for a large debt owed to Penn's father. Designated Pennsylvania as a refuge for his fellow Quakers. Arranged treaties with Indians, his frame government ensured religious freedom by prohibiting a legally established church.
Jame II appointed him as governor of the Dominion, was ordered to abolish existing legislative assemblies
William of Orange
Married to James's daughter, Whig party invited him to be the head of the invading army, he led the glorious revolution.
Rejected the divine-right monarchy, argued that individuals have inalienable natural rights to life, liberty, and property.
Led rebellion against the Dominion of New England, was later indicted for treason, hanged, and decapitated
William Byrd II
Sent him to school in England and he was shunned, calling him a "colonial."