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Flashcards in Ch3: Differences in Culture Deck (17)
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1

cross-cultural literacy

we mean an understanding of how cultural differences across and within nations can affect the way business is practiced

2

culture

as a system of values and norms that are shared among a group of people and that when taken together constitute a design for living

3

values

we mean abstract ideas about what a group believes to be good, right, and desirable

4

norms

we mean the social rules and guidelines that prescribe appropriate behavior in particular situations (folkways and mores)

5

folkways

are the routine conventions of everyday life

6

mores

are norms that are seen as central to the functioning of a society and to its social life

7

society

refer to a group of people who share a common set of values and norms

8

Social Structure:

- degree to which the basic unit of social organization is the individual, as opposed to the group

9

group

is an association of two or more individuals who have a shared sense of identity and who interact with each other in structured ways on the basis of a common set of expectations about each ot her's behaviour

10

social strate

all societies are stratified on a hierarchical basis into social categories

11

societies differ in regard to (2)

- mobility between social strata
- significance attached to social strata in business contexts

12

caste system

closed system of stratification in which social position is determined by the family into which a person is born

13

class system

less rigid form of social stratification in which social mobility is possible

14

Class consciousness

refers to a condition where people tend to perceive themselves in terms of their class background, and this shapes their relationships with members of other classes.

15

Religion

may be defined as a system of shared beliefs and rituals that are concerned with the realm of the sacred

16

ethical systems

refer to a set of moral principles, or values, that are used to guide and shape behavior

17

Ethnocentrism

is a belief in the superiority of one's own ethnic group or culture