Ch.7 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch.7 Vocab Deck (23):
1

Regularly scheduled elections at which voters make the final selection of officeholders

General elections

2

What are the five methods of nomination?

Caucus, primary, self-announcement, convention, and petition

3

A group of like minded people who meet to select the candidates they will support in an upcoming election

Caucus

4

A person who wants to run for office simply announces that fact

Self- announcement

5

A party's members meet in a local caucus to pick candidates for local offices and select delegates to represent them at a county convention

Convention

6

An intraparty election, held within a party to pick that party's candidates for the general election

Direct primary

7

Candidates collect a specified number of signatures from voters to qualify for the general election

Petition

8

Qualified voters cast ballots in private for their preferred candidate, the person with the most votes is nominated

Primary

9

A party's nominating election in which only declared party members can vote (type of primary)

Closed primary

10

A party's nominating election In which any qualified voter can cast a ballot (type of primary)

Open primary

11

Every candidate, regardless of the party, is listed on a long ballot for voters to choose

Blanket primary

12

The two top vote getters in the first primary face one another to determine the party's nomination, winner becomes party's nominee (type of primary)

Runoff primary

13

Candidates are not identified by party labels

Nonpartisan elections

14

The medium by which a voter registers a choice in an election

Ballot

15

A process by which they could vote without going to their polling places on Election Day

Absentee voting

16

Occurs when a strong candidate running for an office at the top of the ballot helps attract voters to other candidates on the party's ticket

Coattail effect

17

A voting district

Precinct

18

The place where the voters who live in a precinct vote

Polling place

19

The naming of those who will seek office

Nomination

20

The political arms of special interest groups and other organizations with a stake in electoral politics

Political action committees (PACs)

21

A grant of money, usually from a government

Subsidy

22

Those contributions that are given directly to candidates for their campaign for Congress or the White House, limited in amount

Hard money

23

Funds given to parties or to other political organizations, in unlimited amounts

Soft money