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Flashcards in Unit 1 Test Question Deck (35):

What is the "social contract"?

In Hobbe's view, people agreed to give up some rights and power in exchange for protection. Once people agreed to hand over power in exchange for protection, they lost right to overthrow,
replace, or even question the gov'n.


What does "tabula rasa" mean?

A blank slate or page


According to John Locke people have the rights to what?

Natural rights, rights to Life, Liberty, and Property


What are the similarites between John Locke and Thomas Hobbes?

No Government = State of Nature
Idea of a Social Contract


What is democracy?

Supreme political authority rests with the people, people have sovereign power, and government is conducted only by and with the consent of people.


What is a major difference in the government between the UK and the US?

Uk- Constitutional Monarchy, Current Government - Parliament
US- Constitution- based federal republic, Democracy


What is the "state of nature" according to Hobbes?

Everyone had a right to everything. In order to what you wanted, people would always be at war with everyone else. Nobody produced inventions, art, or even crops or tools


What is a major difference between a unitary and federal Government?

Unitary- all power belongs to one central agency
Federal - power is divided between one central & several local governments


Which theory best explains dictatorship?

Force theory - one person or small group claim an area and force all within to submit to their rules


What are the four characteristics of a state?

Population, territory, sovereignty, government


What does the word " Bicameral" mean?

Having 2 house legislatures


What were the weaknesses of the articles of Confederation?

Congress did not have the power to tax
Congress had no power to regulate trade between the States
Congress had lack of power to make State only the Articles of Confederation or the laws it made


What is the introduction to the Constitution called?

Bill of Rights


Which is the method by which an amendment to the constitution can be ratified?

Formal Amendment- Ratified by 3/4 of the State Legislatures
Ratified by conventions in 3/4 of the States


In what way is the formal amendment process is an example of federalism?

Proposal takes place at the national level and ratification is a State-by-State matter.


Why did the Framers leave out some sections of the Constitution without a detail?

They knew that even the wiser of constitution makers could not build for all time


What is a pact made by the President directly with the head of a foreign state called?

Executive agreement


Which has been a major agent of change even though not mentioned in the Constitution?

Implied powers


Why did the Framers choose a Federalist system?

Governmental power inevitably poses a threat to individual liberty, exercise of governmental power must be restrained, and dividing governmental power will prevent it's abuse


The power to coin money is an example of what?

Expresses powers


To be able to collect federal and state income tax is an example of what?

Concurrent powers


Monetary obligations of the national government towards the state governments are called what?

Reserved powers


Before it can become a state, a territory applying for statehood must do what?

Act of admission


Assistance for a state's disaster relief is an example of which grant?

Categorical grants


Managing shared resources and concerns between states is called what?

Interstate compacts


What is full faith and credit clause?

Recognize and respect the validity ( in court cases, the judgement made by the courts in different states)


A teacher is searching license In Cali. Is an example of what power?

Reserved powers


Hawaii becoming a state is an example of what power?

Expressed power


A military draft during Vietnam war is an example of what?

Implied power



A written grant or authority from the kind


Due process

Protection against the arbitrary taking of life, liberty, and property


Commerce and Slave trade compromise

Prevented Congress from restricting slave trade for 20 years


Connecticut Compromise

An agreement that Congress should be composed of a Senate, with states represented equally, and a house, with representation based on the state population


New Jersey plan

Called for a unicameral legislature in which each state would be equally represented


Three- fifths compromise

an agreement about how to count slaves when determining the population of a a state