Unit 1 Test Question Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1 Test Question Deck (35):
1

What is the "social contract"?

In Hobbe's view, people agreed to give up some rights and power in exchange for protection. Once people agreed to hand over power in exchange for protection, they lost right to overthrow,
replace, or even question the gov'n.

2

What does "tabula rasa" mean?

A blank slate or page

3

According to John Locke people have the rights to what?

Natural rights, rights to Life, Liberty, and Property

4

What are the similarites between John Locke and Thomas Hobbes?

No Government = State of Nature
Idea of a Social Contract

5

What is democracy?

Supreme political authority rests with the people, people have sovereign power, and government is conducted only by and with the consent of people.

6

What is a major difference in the government between the UK and the US?

Uk- Constitutional Monarchy, Current Government - Parliament
US- Constitution- based federal republic, Democracy

7

What is the "state of nature" according to Hobbes?

Everyone had a right to everything. In order to what you wanted, people would always be at war with everyone else. Nobody produced inventions, art, or even crops or tools

8

What is a major difference between a unitary and federal Government?

Unitary- all power belongs to one central agency
Federal - power is divided between one central & several local governments

9

Which theory best explains dictatorship?

Force theory - one person or small group claim an area and force all within to submit to their rules

10

What are the four characteristics of a state?

Population, territory, sovereignty, government

11

What does the word " Bicameral" mean?

Having 2 house legislatures

12

What were the weaknesses of the articles of Confederation?

Congress did not have the power to tax
Congress had no power to regulate trade between the States
Congress had lack of power to make State only the Articles of Confederation or the laws it made

13

What is the introduction to the Constitution called?

Bill of Rights

14

Which is the method by which an amendment to the constitution can be ratified?

Formal Amendment- Ratified by 3/4 of the State Legislatures
Ratified by conventions in 3/4 of the States

15

In what way is the formal amendment process is an example of federalism?

Proposal takes place at the national level and ratification is a State-by-State matter.

16

Why did the Framers leave out some sections of the Constitution without a detail?

They knew that even the wiser of constitution makers could not build for all time

17

What is a pact made by the President directly with the head of a foreign state called?

Executive agreement

18

Which has been a major agent of change even though not mentioned in the Constitution?

Implied powers

19

Why did the Framers choose a Federalist system?

Governmental power inevitably poses a threat to individual liberty, exercise of governmental power must be restrained, and dividing governmental power will prevent it's abuse

20

The power to coin money is an example of what?

Expresses powers

21

To be able to collect federal and state income tax is an example of what?

Concurrent powers

22

Monetary obligations of the national government towards the state governments are called what?

Reserved powers

23

Before it can become a state, a territory applying for statehood must do what?

Act of admission

24

Assistance for a state's disaster relief is an example of which grant?

Categorical grants

25

Managing shared resources and concerns between states is called what?

Interstate compacts

26

What is full faith and credit clause?

Recognize and respect the validity ( in court cases, the judgement made by the courts in different states)

27

A teacher is searching license In Cali. Is an example of what power?

Reserved powers

28

Hawaii becoming a state is an example of what power?

Expressed power

29

A military draft during Vietnam war is an example of what?

Implied power

30

Charter

A written grant or authority from the kind

31

Due process

Protection against the arbitrary taking of life, liberty, and property

32

Commerce and Slave trade compromise

Prevented Congress from restricting slave trade for 20 years

33

Connecticut Compromise

An agreement that Congress should be composed of a Senate, with states represented equally, and a house, with representation based on the state population

34

New Jersey plan

Called for a unicameral legislature in which each state would be equally represented

35

Three- fifths compromise

an agreement about how to count slaves when determining the population of a a state