Ch. 1 Section 1 Government And The State Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 1 Section 1 Government And The State Deck (12):
1

Executive power

The power to execute, enforce , and administer laws

2

Judicial power

The power to interpret laws, to determine their meaning, and to settle disputes that arise within the society

3

What makes a state?

Population, sovereignty, territory, government

4

Sovereignty

The state has absolute power within it's territory. It can decide its own foreign and domestic policies

5

What are the origins of state?

Force theory, evolutionary theory, social contract theory, divine right theory

6

Force theory

An individual or group claimed control over a territory and forced the population to submi. In this way, that state became sovereign, and those in control formed a government

7

Evolutionary Theory

A population formed out of primitive families. The heads of these families became government. When these families settled I one territory and claimed it as their own, they became a sovereign state

8

State of nature

Everyone had a right to everything. In order to get what they wanted, they had to fight over it

9

Natural rights

The right to life, liberty, and property

10

Divine right theory

Go created the state, making it sovereign. The government is made up of those chosen by God to rule a certain territory. The people (population) must obey the ruler.

11

Social contract

A population in a given place( territory) gave up as much power to a government and needed to promote the well- being of all. In doing so, they created a sovereign state.

12

Legislative

The power to make laws and to frame Public policies