Flashcards in challenges of rio Deck (33):
Poor infrastructure and Energy
Local telephone and electricity companies frequently refuse to install phones or cables in the slums because they are considered areas of risk.
what are favelas
people would build homes with poor quality without the assistance of the government as they cannot afford any sort of official housing .
Characterises of a favela
Characterises of a favela is that they are often disorganised, without numbered streets, sanitation networks, electricity, and a telephone services . In recent years, favelas have been afflicted by drug-related crime and gang warfare
lifespan of favela residents
In Rio de Janeiro, favela residents live usually live 13 years less than people born in the wealthy section .
Child mortality rates are five times higher than in the southern tourist districts such as Copacabana and Ipanema .
sanitation services, in favelas
Due to poor sanitation services, favela residents suffer from unhygienic conditions (caused by build-up of waste), resulting in spread of infectious diseases such as cholera.
Sanitation and Healthcare
For some favelas, there is little access to clean water, and drinking dirty water can cause the drinker to be ill.
local family hospitals
In addition there are local family hospitals are rare and distant to the favelas so it causes pregnant women and the elderly to became vulnerable
Poor quality of education
People who live in the Complexo do Alemao, a favela in Rio is shown to study for an average of four years, compared with ten years for residents of southern Rio.
Primary schools closing
Primary schools are often forced to close due to shootouts usually gangs vs gang or between gangs and police.
limitations of education
schools are often far away from favelas and for further education you must pay 14+
The unemployment rate in Rio
The unemployment rate in Rio is around 7.4 percent. Brazil has a very high population which is a major cause of its unemployment.
Rio's epic water pollution has been going on for two decades due to a lack of modern sanitation programs from the favelas.
money in favelas
People in favela earn around US$200 every month and often work in the informal job sector meaning that work is often rare.
what been a presence in water sport venues.
Despite Olympic organizer's promise to clean the city's waterways at their 2009 bid, trash, raw sewage and even body parts have been a presence at water sport venues.
lack of modern sanitation programs from the favelas.
This has also lead to the super Bacteria found in Guanabara bay which can lead to chronic diseases, even death.
what percentage uses electricity illegally
30% of Rio’s favela have no source of energy and the majority of the favela’s homes illegally tap into other supplies.
what was the start of drug and arms trafficking in Rio de Janeiro
1980s was the start of drug and arms trafficking in Rio de Janeiro.These drug gangs controlled the favelas and acted like a mini-government
ehy is the favelas an ideal hideout for drug gangs.
The increase of the favelas, which became home to thousands of migrants, became the ideal hideout for drug gangs.
The average wage of favela residents and drug lords
The average wage of favela residents is around R$400 or US$200 a month. Working for the gangs, can allow you to earn that amount in a week.
Gun battles between gangs sometimes move out of the(favelas) and into non-gang controlled areas, which can kill innocent bystanders.
Rio has face its worst drought in 80 years
favelas are bought on steep hills causing it to be difficult to get rid of raw sewerage causing rats to be attracted to it
high crime means more people travel in cars for safety
commercial fishing went down by 90% in the last 10 years
37% of water is lost due to leaks and illegally tapping
55% of rio had access to a local hospital
20% of favela residents are unemployed
a landslide killed 224 people and 13,00 were displaced in the favelas
death rates in favelas
20 per 1000 people are killed in the favelas every day
50 per 1000
this technique is common in the favelas but is harmful