Chap. 13 - disorders of C/A - Asberger's, ASD, Rett's Flashcards Preview

ANCC > Chap. 13 - disorders of C/A - Asberger's, ASD, Rett's > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chap. 13 - disorders of C/A - Asberger's, ASD, Rett's Deck (19):
1

Asperger's disorder

Severe, sustained impairment in social interaction and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, and activities

2

Asperger's is more common in ___

Boys

3

Diagnostic criteria for Asperger's essentially the same as Autism except...

No clinically significant delay in language, cognitive development, or adaptive behavior

4

Rett's disorder

Development of specific deficits following a period of normal functioning after birth

5

Rett's is more common in _____ and is usually associated with....

Girls
Severe or profound MR

6

Dx of Rett's includes each of these 5 signs after normal development for the first 5 months of life:

Deceleration of head growth between 5 and 48 months
Loss of previously acquired purposeful hand skills, deteriorating into stereotypic hand movements
Early loss of social engagement
Appearance of poorly coordinated gait or trunk movements
Severely impaired expressive and receptive language, with severe psychomotor retardation

7

Autistic spectrum disorder

Marked impairment of social and cognitive abilities

8

Three NTs at play in ASD

GABA, glutamate, serotonin

9

Three brain structures with abnormalities in ASD

Amygdala
Hippocampus
Cerebellum

10

Monozygotic concordance for ASD

60%

11

ASD incidence

2-5 per 10,000

12

ASD M:F ratio

4:1 M:F

13

Age of onset of ASD

Before age 3

14

75% of children with autism also have __

MR

15

Three realms of impairment in ASD

Social interactions
Communications
Behavior

16

Social impairment

Lack of peer relationships, emotional reciprocity, and spontaneous enjoyment

17

Communication impairment

Language delay or disturbance, impaired ability to initiate or sustain a conversation

18

Behavioral impairment

Restricted, repetitive, or stereotypic behaviors, interests, and activities

19

Aggression, tantrums, and repetitive behaviors associated with ASD may be managed with....

Antipsychotics