Chap. 19,20, 21 quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chap. 19,20, 21 quiz Deck (46):
0

Legal Drugs that help the body fight injury, illness and disease.

a. Medicines b. Over-the-counter drugs c. Prescription drugs
d. Psychoactive drugs

b. Over-the-counter drugs

1

May be purchased legally in pharmacies and other stores that sell medicines without a physicians' prescription.

a. Medicines b. Over-the-counter drugs c. Prescription drugs
d. Psychoactive drugs

b. Over-the-counter drug

2

Must be obtained through a written prescription from a physician and can be purchased only at a pharmacy.

a. Medicines b. Over-the-counter drug c. Prescription drugs
d. Psychoactive drugs

c. Prescription drugs

3

Occurs when people intentionally misuse any kind of drugs for nonmedical purposes.

a. drug misuse b. drug abuse

a. drug misuse

4

What a drug does to your body is called?

a. drug's action b. drug's effect c. side effect

a. drug's action

5

What you feel is this?

a. drug's action b. drug's effect c. side effect

b. Drug's effect

6

This is an unwanted, even dangerous, physical and mental effects caused by a drug, such as nausea, dizziness or drowsiness?

a. drug's action b. drug's effect c. side effect

c. side effect

7

List one risk factor that puts you at a higher risk to practice drug abuse?

Depression

8

Define "Psychoactive Drug"?

Drugs that can change the way you think

9

Give two examples of psychoactive drugs?

Marijuana and Crack

10

Nicotine?

The drug in tobacco that may act as a stimulant and cause addiction.

11

Nicotine Withdrawal?

A reaction to the lack of nicotine in the body.

12

Carcinogens?

The tar in tobacco smoke contains hundreds of these, a cancer causing agent.

13

Passive Smoker?

The nonsmokers who involuntarily breathe this side-stream become this.

14

Side-Stream Smoke?

This type of smoke goes directly into the air from burning tobacco.

15

Chewing Tobacco?

Poor-quality tobacco leaves mixed with molasses or honey and placed between the cheek and gums.

16

Smokeless tobacco?

Tobacco that is chewed or sniffeed through the nose.

17

Tar?

The dark sticky mixture of chemicals that is formed when tobacco burns.

18

Emphysema?

A breathing disorder in which the small air sacs in the lungs lose their ability to expand and contract.

19

Chronic Bronchitus

A condition in which the bronchial tubes become swollen and clogged with mucus.

20

Mainstream Smoke?

Smokers inhale this type of smoke into their lungs and then exhale into the air.

21

Nicotine Gum?

A chewing gum containing nicotine that allows a person to quit smoking tobacco without experiencing withdrawal symptoms.

22

Nicotine Patch?

Designed to reduce a smoker's craving for cigarettes.

23

Reasons people abstain from tobacco use?

1. avoid lung cancer
2. avoid gum disease
3. death

24

Reasons people start tobacco use?

1. depression
2. peer pressure
3. feel better

25

Ethanol?

The powerful drug in beverages such as beer, wine and liquor.

26

Illegal Drug?

Chemicals that are forbidden by law because their often dangerous and often unpredictable effects outweigh any useful purposes the drug may have.

27

Drug Abuse?

When people intentionally misuse drugs of any kind of nonmedical purposes.

28

Depressant?

This type of drug slows down thee central nervous system.

29

Dependence?

When the body develops a resistance to a drug and requires the drug to function normally.

30

Intoxication?

Refers to the many negative effects of drinking alcohol, which includes blurred vision, slurred speech, and impaired coordination.

31

Drug?

Any chemical that causes chages in a person's body or behavior.

32

Tolerance?

When thee body becomes accustomed to or builds up a resistance to a drug.

33

Tolerance?

When the body becomes accustomed to or builds up a resistance to a drug.

34

Detoxification?

Removal of alcohol from a person's body.

35

Cirhosis?

A disease of the liver in which scar tissue from dead, fat-filled cells replaces healthy tissue and causes the liver to fail.

36

Withdrawal?

Without alcohol, alcoholics experience this. This is characterized by shakiness, sleep problems, irritability and a rapid heartbeat.

37

BAC?

A measure of the amount of alcohol in a person's blood

38

Inhibitions?

The controls that people put on their emotions and behavior in order to behave in socially acceptable ways.

39

Abstain?

One in every three Americans chooses not to drink, or _______ from alcohol use.

40

Rehabilitation?

The process of learning to cope with the stress of everyday living without alcohol.

41

Why is alcohol a drug?

Because it changes your body, it slows down your reaction time.

42

List two effects of alcohol (long or short)

a. blurred vision
b. drowsiness

43

List two factors that can affect a person's blood alcohol concentration (BAC)?

a. The proof of the alcohol
b. The amount of alcohol consumed

44

Jane says that after drinking two cans of beer she feels she is a better, less timid driver. How does Jan's assessment of her driving ability after drinking two beers differ from her actual driving ability?

Jane thinks she is a better driver, but having two beers slows her reaction time making her a worse driver.

45

Your best friend has been drinking at a party. It is past both of your curfews, and she's your ride home. What should you do and why?

You should call your parents to get a ride, because your friend could get in a wreck.