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Flashcards in Health -- Exam Review Deck (70):
0

Serving Size for grain

6oz

1

Serving Size for vegetables

2.5 cups

2

Serving Size fruits

2 cups

3

Serving Size for meat/beans

5.5 oz

4

Serving Size for dairy

3 cups

5

What are the three dietary guidelines?

1. Aim for fitnes
2. Balance foods
3. Choose sensibly

6

Product

Squeeze Grape Jelly

7

Brand?

Home Brand

8

Serving Size ?

1 Tablespoon

9

# of Servings?

28

10

How many calories

50 calories

11

Which nutrient is found in all body tissues?

Water

12

Which nutrient helps to insulate the body?

Fat

13

Which nutrient is an organic (living) element?

Vitamins

14

Which nutrient is an inorganic (nonliving) element?

Minerals

15

Which nutrient is found in all animal products?

protein

16

What are two types of vitamins?

Fat-soluble and Water soluble

17

Define "Health"?

The well being of your body, your mind, and your relationships with other people.

18

Define "Values"?

Standards, beliefs, and ideas that are important to a person and help the person clarifying what he or she believes is right or wrong.

19

Define "Culture"?

The beliefs and patterns of behavior that are shared by a group of people and passed from generation to generation

20

Define "Risk Factor"?

Any action or condition that increases the likelihood of injury, disease, or other negative outcomes.

21

Define "Cardiorespiratory Endurance"?

The ability of a persons' heart, blood vessels, and lungs to distribute nutrients and oxygen and to remove wastes.

22

Define "Muscular Strength"?

The capacity of a muscle or group of muscles to exert or resist a force.

23

Define "Muscular Endurance"?

The ability of muscles to keep working for an extended period of time.

24

Define "Flexibility"?

The ability to use a muscle throughout its entire range of motion.

25

Define "Body Composition"?

The amount of body fat compared to lean tissue such as muscle and bone.

26

Define "Endorphins"?

Chemicals produced in the brain that help give a sense of satisfaction and pleasure.

27

Define "Epidermis"?

The outermost layer of skin.

28

Define "Dermis"?

The inner layer of skin that lies below the epidermis.

29

Define "Pore"?

The opening of a narrow channel of duct in the skin, leading to a gland.

30

Define "Gland"?

A structure that produces one or more substances like oil or sweat.

31

Define "Optic Nerve"?

A nerve that transmits visual information from the eye to the brain.

32

Define "Retina"?

The innermost layer of the eye; the light-sensing part of the eye.

33

Define "Iris"?

The colored disk at the front of the eye with an opening in its center in which light passes.

34

Define "Ear Canal"?

The narrow canal that leads from the outer ear to the middle ear.

35

Define "Ear Drum"?

The thin membrane at the end of the ear canal that vibrates when sound waves strike it.

36

Define " Auditory Nerve"?

The nerve that transmits sound from the cochlea to the brain.

37

Define "Digestion"?

The process by which the nutrients in food are broken down into a form the body can absorb and use.

38

Define "Mechanical Digestion"?

When food is broken down physically ; like chewing

39

Define "Chemical Digestion"?

Breaking food down by chemical reactions ; like in the stomach

40

Define "Esophagus"?

The muscular tube that connects the mouth and the stomach.

41

Define "Stomach"?

A muscular sack like organ in the digestive system in which food is stored, churned, mixed, and broken down.

42

Define "Chime"?

The thick liquid formed in the stomach ; a mixture food and gastric acids.

43

Define "Small Intestine"?

The long tube like organ in which chemical digestion and absorption of nutrients take place.

44

Define "Large Intestine"?

A tube like organ, also known as the colon, that absorbs water and gets rid of wastes. It leads from the small intestine to the outside of the body.

45

Define "Rectum"?

The last few inches of the large intestine in which feces are held until they are released from the body.

46

Define "Kidneys"?

Organs located on either side of the spine that filter wastes from the blood.

47

Define "Excretion"?

The process which the body collects and removes produced by its cells.

48

Define "Bile"?

A substance produced by the liver that aids in the digestion of fats by breaking large droplets of fat into smaller ones.

49

Define "Neuron"?

The cell base of the nervous system.

50

Define "Arteries"?

Thick walled elastic vessels that carry blood away from the heart.

51

Define "Cappillaries"?

The smallest blood vessel in the body.

52

Define "Atrium"?

One of the two chambers of the heart that receives blood.

53

Define "Ventricle"?

One of the two chambers of the heart that pumps blood away from the heart to the rest of the body.

54

Define "Red Blood Cells"?

The blood cells that carries the oxygen to all parts of the body.

55

Define "White Blood Cells"?

The blood cells that help protect the body against diseases and foreign substances.

56

Define "Plasma"?

The liquid part of blood.

57

Define "Heart Attack"?

The condition that results when some of the tissue in the heart is prevented from receiving its normal blood supply and dies.

58

Define "Stroke"?

A reduction of blood flow to part of the brain.

59

Sperm are produced in the ____________.

Testes

60

The sperm travel to the _______ where they are stored for several weeks.

Epididymis

61

Then the sperm move into an 18inch tube called the ________.

Vas Deferens

62

The sperm mixes with three glands for production of ________.

Semen

63

What are the three glands that help produce semen?

1. Cowper's Gland
2. Seminal Vessicles
3. Prostrate Gland

64

The semen then travels out through the external sexual organ called the _________.

Penis

65

The _________ produces a mature egg.

Ovaries

66

The ________ carries the released egg.

Fallopian tubes

67

Each of these lead to a ________, a hollow muscular organ.

Uterus

68

The narrow base is called _______.

Cervix

69

The ________ or the birth canal, is a hollow, muscular passage leading to the outside of the body.

Vagina