Flashcards in Chap 4 Pretest Legal Deck (20):
An action that is instituted by an individual or corporation toward an individual or corporation is called a:
A) tort action.
B) civil suit.
C) criminal action.
D) domestic suit.
An example of assault is when a person:
A) physically harms someone.
B) shoots another person.
C) punches another person.
D) says, “I am going to kill you!”
Libel is making a:
A) false statement in writing.
B) false verbal statement.
C) true verbal statement.
D) true statement in writing.
When the paramedic’s improper action or failure to act is the cause of the patient’s injury, the paramedic is guilty of:
B) proximate cause.
C) breach of duty.
What type of consent is utilized when a patient is given the information about the care that will be performed and the associated risks?
B) Implied minor
The care that a paramedic is permitted to perform is known as what?
A) Scope of practice
B) Standard of care
C) Medical direction
D) Clinical competency
What are the provisions that dictate the minimum qualifications of those who may perform certain health services?
A) Scope of practice
B) Medical Practice Act
C) Standard of care
D) Medical care guidelines
What piece of legislation provides stringent privacy requirements for patient information?
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act
A) Medical Practice Act
B) Ryan White Act
C) Emergency Medical Treatment and Active D) Labor Act
What was EMTALA enacted to prevent?
A) Home deliveries
B) Hospitals accepting patients
C) Patient dumping
D) Air medical transports
Patients have the right to direct their own care at the end of life. What is this known as?
A) Do not resuscitate
B) Do not intubate
C) Patient autonomy
D) Patient Bill of Rights
In the case of prolonged cardiac arrest, which organs will not be viable?
A) The skin and corneas
B) The liver and kidneys
C) The heart and lungs
D) Both B and C
Which type of information would not be on a medical alert bracelet?
A) Patient’s Social Security number
B) Patient’s medical history
C) Information center phone number
D) Patient’s allergies
Who wrote the EMT Code of Ethics?
A) National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
B) National Association of EMTs
C) National Association of EMS Educators
D) National Registry of EMTs
Which of the following is not a reason to decline to start CPR?
A) Gunshot wound to the head
B) Lividity and asystole present
C) The down time is 5 minutes
D) Drowning greater than 12 hours
What is the optimal communication choice when you are relaying sensitive information?
A) 800-MHz digital band radio
B) Private line channel radio
C) Cellular phone or landline telephone
D) Waiting until you get to the hospital
What is a philosophy of right and wrong?
Why might a patient refuse standard lifesaving therapies?
A) Religious beliefs
B) Geographical location
D) Political beliefs
What is the first principle of medical practice?
A) BLS before ALS
B) Intervene when possible
C) Do no harm
D) Safety first