Chaps 4-8 Flashcards Preview

Art Appreciation > Chaps 4-8 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chaps 4-8 Deck (40):
1

Visual realities

Computer simulations of real or imagined places

2

Foreshortening

The dimensions of the closer extremities are adjusted in order to make up for the distortion created by the point of view

3

Atmospheric or aerial perspective

These rules state that the quality of the atmosphere between us and large objects changes their appearance. Objects farther away appear less distinct and often bluer in color, and the contrast between light and dark is reduced

4

Chiaroscuro

The balance and shade in a picture especially it's skillful use by the artist in representing the gradual transition around a curved surface from light to dark

5

Modeling

The use of chiaroscuro to represent light falling across a curved or round surface

6

Highlights

Directly reflect a light source, are indicated by white and the various degrees of shadow are notated by darker areas

7

Core of the shadow

The darkest area on the object itself

8

Cast shadow

The darkest area of all

9

Tenebrism

"Hidden in the shadows" makes use of large areas of dark contrasting sharply with smaller brightly illuminated areas

10

Hatching

An area of closely spaced parallel lines

11

Cross-hatching

One set of hatches is crossed at an angle by a second and sometimes third set

12

Shade

Whenever black is added to a hue

13

Tint

Whenever white is added to a hue

14

Value

Relative degree of lightness or darkness

15

Hue

Each primary or secondary color

16

Spectrum

Bands of different colors created by sunlight passing through a prism

17

Primary colors

Red yellow and blue

18

Secondary colors

Orange green and violet

19

Intermediate colors

Mixtures of a primary and neighboring secondary color (yellow-orange)

20

Subtractive process

Adding all of the colors together resulting in black

21

Additive process

Mixing light, as more and more colors are combined more light is added to the mixture and colors that result are brighter than either taken alone (ex: computer screen)

22

Intensity

A function of the colors relative brightness or dullness

23

Medium

A liquid that makes paint easier to manipulate

24

Palette

Range of colors used by an artist

25

Analogous color schemes

Those composed of hues that neighbor each other on the color wheel

26

Open palette

Employing the entire range of hues in a wide variety of keys and intensities, polychromatic

27

Restricted/closed palette

Limiting the range of color selection

28

Local color

The color of objects viewed up close in even lighting conditions (expected, i.e. banana= yellow)

29

Perceptual color

The changing of a color depending on the light (i.e. distant hill covered in trees looks blueish)

30

Plein-air

French word meaning open air, painting landscapes outdoors to be true to the optical colors of the scene before you (i.e. Monet haystacks)

31

Texture

Surface quality of the work

32

Pattern

Repetitive motifs or design

33

Kinetic art

To that moves or seems to move

34

Impasto

Paint applied in a thick heavy manner

35

Frottage

Invented by Max Ernst, painting technique by putting a sheet of paper over textured surfaces, especially floorboards and other wooden services and then rubbing a soft pencil across the paper

36

Grattage

Also invented by Max Ernst, the campus is prepared with one or more layers of paint, placed over textured objects, then scraped over

37

Plastic arts

Painting and sculpture- spatial

38

Written arts

Music and literature- temporal

39

Optical art

Giving the illusion of movement

40

Bilateral symmetry

When there are minor discrepancies between one side and the other though the overall effect is still one of symmetry